How to replace or fix a doorknob

Repairing or Replacing a Doorknob

Just as new knobs can give a kitchen a brand-new look, door knobs can really update the feel and look of your home. Are your doorknobs in good shape? Could they use a little updating? Are they lose or malfunctioning? If your doorknobs are dingy, you will be surprised at how simply changing them can really add to the look, feel, and cleanliness of your home.

Doorknobs are not too expensive and relatively easy to install. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, colors, and locking mechanisms. If you are changing out an old door knob, make sure your replacement is the same size. Most doorknobs are standard and interchangeable, but you want to make sure.

Essentially, you can approach replacing or fixing a door knob in the same way. Typically, if your doorknob is loose or is in need of repair, you can simply replace the whole thing, or you can take it apart and tighten it up. Either way, the steps will be the same.

How to replace or fix a doorknob:

Out with the old:

1. Take the old doorknob out of the door by first removing the trim (the metal ring on the door surrounding the knob). Using a screwdriver, unscrew the two screws that hold the trim to the door. If the trim does not come off when you unscrew it, you may need to use a scraper or flat-head screwdriver to ease it off.

2. Next remove the two screws on either side of the door knob mechanism. These are what hold the mechanism (and the two doorknobs) together.

3. Take a good look at how the doorknobs come apart. This will help when you install the new ones.

4. Take the old doorknobs out and set them aside.

5. You will be left with just the bolt (or the locking mechanism). Remove the two screws that hold this in the door, and remove the bolt.

6. Does the strike plate also need to be replaced? Take a look at it. If it’s in good shape (and matches the color of the new doorknob) then keep it. If not, remove the two screws that hold it to the doorjamb and set it aside.

In with the new:

1. Take the bolt section and place it into the opening. Doorknob bolts have one side that is slanted. Make sure the slanted side faces the direction in which the door closes.

2. Screw in the bolt section with the screws provided.

3. You should have two doorknobs and two trims. Take the first trim and put it up to the door, covering the bolt section.

4. Take one of the doorknobs (the one with the mechanism that fits in the bolt—usually a square hole) and put it through the trim and the bolt.

5. Take the other doorknob and trim piece and put it on the other side of the door. Make sure you align these correctly. Remember the two long screws you took out of the old doorknob? Well, this one needs those too, so make sure they all line up.

6. Put in the long screws. Begin to tighten each just a little; going back and forth between both sides to make sure that the knob is coming together evenly.

7. You will now need to put the strike plate onto the door jamb.

Strike plate:

1. Take a pencil and mark up the end of the bolt.

2. Close the door and turn the handle so that the bolt gently hits the doorjamb. Repeat this a few times.

3. This should leave a mark on the doorjamb. The mark will show you where you need to place the strike plate. You may need to use a chisel to adjust the previous hole.

4. Place the strike plate in the correct area, and attach it with the screws provided.

5. Test the lock a few times from both the inside and the outside to ensure that it has been assembled properly. Adjustments may need to be made.

6. If the strike plate seems loose, you may need to buy longer screws to get a tighter fit.

TIPS:

When you take apart your old doorknob, keep all the pieces together or even reassemble them. Having this as a reference when you put in your new doorknob will be really helpful.
Have patience. Doorknobs have a lot of tiny little pieces, which can disappear and cause contusion, so go slow. You’ll do just fine!

Key Doesn’t Work In Door

Problem: Door won’t open be cause of binding or broken key, a stuck bolt, or a frozen lock.

Background: Like most other mechanical devices, keys and locks can wear out or become damaged. Some times lock problems are caused by a misaligned door. To prevent lock problems, periodically inspect them, tighten loose screws, apply lock lubricant, and make adjustments as necessary to strike-plates. Excessively loose tubular or cylinder locksets, or locks that seize the key, may be candidates for replacement; however, sometimes a locksmith can replace worn tumblers and springs.

What to do: If the lock is frozen, try warming the key and reinserting it, or try squirting alcohol into the key hole. When a key breaks in a lock, it is often because it was not pushed in completely before turning, or the wrong key was pushed into the lock. If part of the key stays inside the lock, remove the cylinder and try pushing the key part out with a fine pin from the shaft end. When keys bend, it may be caused by a poorly made duplicate key. If an original key works in the lock, have the duplicate remade. Binding can also be caused by worn tumblers. If you think this is the problem, remove the cylinder and take it to a locksmith. If the key turns, but the bolt sticks, check to make sure the bolt isn’t blocked by paint. If the bolt can’t move because the door is misaligned, check and align the door.

Special advice: To help avoid lock problems, try to make all keys easily identified. When having duplicate keys made, go to a qualified lock smith who uses top-quality blanks. (Having at least 1 extra duplicate key kept in a secure place can pre vent an emergency.) When replacing locksets, spend more for the best quality you can afford. Locks can be lubricated with graphite (in a pinch, rub keys with graphite from a wooden pencil) or with fine oil sold for that purpose. Don’t use regular lubricating oil.

Helpful hint: When locking up the home, don’t lock all other doors from the inside; if the door locked with a key doesn’t work you won’t be able to gain entry to the inside of the home.

How to restretch carpet

RESTRETCHING LOOSE CARPET

Carpeting that isn’t glued down is held around the perimeter of a room by wood strips with metal pins that grip the carpet backing. To repair loose carpets, you’ll need to rent a “knee kicker,” a stretching tool to pull the carpet tight and reattach the edges to the strips. These can be found at rental centers and carpet distributors.

How to restretch carpet:

1. Turn the knob on the head of the knee kicker to adjust the depth of the prongs. The prongs should extend far enough to grab the carpet backing without penetrating through the padding.

2. starting from a corner or near a point where the carpet is firmly attached, press the knee kicker head into the carpet, about 2 inches from the wall. Thrust your knee into the cushion of the knee kicker to force the carpet toward the wall.

3. Tuck the carpet edge into the space between the wood strip and the baseboard, using a 4-inch wallboard knife.


REGLUING LOOSE SEAMS

Most carpets are held together at the edges with heat activated seam tape. The tape comes in rolls and has hardened glue on one face. You will need to rent a “seam iron.”

How to reglue loose seams:

1. Remove the old tape from under the carpet seam.

2. Cut a strip of new seam tape, and place it under the carpet so it is centered along the seam with the adhesive facing up.

3. Plug in the seam iron, and let it heat up. Seam irons work like curling irons and regular irons, but they vary in the amount of time needed to heat up. Check the manufacturer’s instructions to see how long you should wait for it to heat up.

4. Pull up both edges of the carpet, and set the hot iron squarely onto the tape. Wait about 30 seconds for the glue to melt.

5. Move the iron farther along the seam, as necessary.

6. Quickly press the edges of the carpet together into the melted glue behind the iron. If anything goes wrong you have only 30 seconds to repeat the process.

7. Separate the pile to make sure no fibers is stuck in the glue and that the seam is tight.

8. Place weighted boards or phone books over the seam to keep it flat while the glue sets.

Repairing or Replacing a Doorknob

Repairing or Replacing a Doorknob

We’ve seen it a million times on cop shows: the guys in uniform leap up the stairs, guns ready, and kick in the villain’s front door.

If only the criminals had used longer screws!

Replacing an existing dead bolt, whether for extra security or because of a malfunction, is not a difficult job. Once you buy the lock, you can do the replacement in a few simple steps.

When you’re preparing to put in a deadbolt, make sure you buy heavy-duty three-inch screws. In the real world, a person kicking in your door is more likely to be a thief than a police officer. Many dead bolts are mysteriously sold with small screws, which won’t be enough to stop someone from kicking in your door without too much effort.

(The same goes for an inside chain lock. Make sure you use long enough screws to prevent someone easily kicking in the door.)
There are two basic types of dead bolts: surface mount and internal. Surface mount dead bolts are easier to install, but internal deadbolts provide more security. You probably won’t be surprised to hear that I recommend spending a little extra effort and money for the sake of your security: if you can, go for an internal dead bolt.

Check to see if your door has a hole for a dead bolt. If not, you will need a hole saw for this project. Hole saws can be found at any hardware store. They are about the size of a measuring cup, with jagged teeth, and attach to a drill, Make sure the hole saw you buy matches the size of the new dead bolt.


REPLACING AN OLD DEAD BOLT

How to replace a dead bolt:

Out with the old:

1. Take the old dead bolt out of the door by using a screwdriver to remove the screws on the inside panel of the lock. Take a good look at how the lock comes apart. This will help when you are installing the new one.

2. Take the inside and outside pieces of the lock face and pull them apart and away from the door.

3. Remove the screws from the lock mechanism plate, which is located on the edge of the door.

4. Remove the screws from the strike plate, which is located on the doorjamb.

5. Measure the diameter of the hole in the door to be sure that you buy the same size dead bolt. Even better, you can take the old dead bolt to the hardware store to en sure that you buy the right size.

TIP:

Some models may be a bit more difficult to replace due to mounting brackets or slightly different assembly. The process of removing the old dead bolt can teach you things that make puffing in the new unit that much easier, so remember the steps.
In with the new:

1. Place the new dead bolt mechanism in the hole in the door.

2. Instead of using the screws provided to attach the strike plate to the doorjamb, use longer screws that are the same diameter. This will make the lock much more secure. You may need to drill pilot holes first.

3. Put the inside and outside halves of the lock cylinder together. You can use the screws provided to attach them to each other and to the door.

4. Be sure that the bolt plate on the edge of the door is flush with the surface of the wood. Otherwise, it will keep the door from closing. If the new plate is slightly bigger than the space for the old plate, you may need to use a wood chisel to enlarge the area a bit.

5. Now attach the strike plate.

6. Take a pencil and mark up the end of the bolt.

7. Close the door and turn the latch so that the bolt gently hits the doorjamb. Repeat this a few times.

8. This should leave a mark on the doorjamb. The mark will show you where you need to place the strike plate. You may need to use a chisel to adjust the previous hole.

9. Place the strike plate in the correct spot, and attach it with the long screws, not the ones provided with the plate.

10. Test the lock a few times from both the inside and the outside to ensure that it has been assembled properly. Adjustments may need to be made.

INSTALLING A NEW DEAD BOLT

How to install a new dead bolt:

1. Buy a dead bolt and measure the diameter of the hole it will require you to make in the door. Buy a hole saw of the same size. The hole saw will attach directly to your drill.

2. The dead bolt should be placed about 6 inches above the doorknob (from the center of the doorknob to the center of the dead bolt). Center it above the doorknob. Measure and mark this distance with a pencil.

3. Wearing eye protection, drill a pilot hole with a 1/8-inch drill bit all the way through the door in the very center of your mark.

4. Attach the hole saw to your drill.

5. Using the pilot hole as a guide, drill through the door, stopping halfway. Very important: only drill halfway! Drilling halfway from each side will prevent the door from splitting. Make sure you hold your drill level and steady so that you do not create a crooked hole.

6. Move to the other side of the door, and drill from that side until you get all the way through with the hole saw. The hole saw will hold on to the drilled-out piece of the door. You can use a flat-head screwdriver to pry it out.

7. Place the new dead bolt mechanism into the hole of the door and follow steps 2—10 for replacing a dead bolt.

Instant Room Makeovers

Is your room in dire need of a makeover? Don’t sweat over remodeling costs just yet. Most people put off updating their décor because they think it’ll cost a fortune, but that’s not always the case. Often, dull rooms are just a small change or two away from a new and improved look—and the best news is that you can do it on a budget. Here are some ways to give your room an instant makeover without breaking the bank.

A new paint job

Color is usually the first thing people notice about a room, so it makes a sensible start for a makeover. A change in color can completely turn your room around even if you don’t change anything else. Most rooms can be fully repainted for under $500 and finished in four days or less.

However, a change too drastic can be hard to pull off. If you’re not sure how much you want to change, consider keeping your current color and choosing a lighter or darker shade. Bring out the color with contrasting hues in your area rugs, pillow cases, or curtains.

Contemporary area rugs

If you’re going for a trendy look, modern area rugs are the way to go. Today’s rugs are designed to catch the eye with their bold colors, unusual patterns, and avant-garde designs. Choose a bright color if your walls are plain or neutral. Pink area rugs and red area rugs are some of the most popular choices these days; they go particularly well with browns, blacks and grays. For a more festive look, spread some colorful braided area rugs or kids area rugs around the house.

Zen-style elements

More and more people are getting into Asian themes, and it’s easy to see why. The calm, open feel of Zen homes is a fresh change from the sleek lines of modern design. You don’t have to build an entire Zen garden to get the same effect. What you can do is introduce these elements in little accessories, such as window treatments and room dividers. Start by giving your floor a natural feel using bamboo area rugs, sea grass area rugs, or other natural weaves. You can also use these materials in decorative pieces or even your furniture.

Slip covers

Furniture tends to get dated fast, so you want to be able to update them anytime. The best way to do this is with slip covers. Unlike upholstery, slip covers can be removed and replaced as you wish, so you can change your furniture to match your changing tastes. You can buy them off the shelf or have them custom-made—either is cheaper than upholstery. Have a supply of basic colors and designs, and some “fancy” ones for special occasions.

New accessories

Sometimes it’s the little things that make a big difference. If old paintings or drapes have lost their effect, put them away and replace them with a fresh new piece. Go for something that works with your décor theme. If your room is large and opulent, oriental area rugs can replace those old wall-to-wall carpets.

Installing a Peephole

Ladies, here is an inexpensive and effective way to be more secure in your own home. Peepholes are one of the best and simplest ways to improve security—not to mention the benefits of quietly fending off unwanted salespeople and nosy neighbors!

How to install a peephole:

1. Measure the distance from the floor to eye level. A range of between 58 and 62 inches is comfortable for most adults, but it’s a good idea to think about making it accessible to any children in the house—even if this makes it on the low side for you.

2. Wearing eye protection, drill a pilot hole with an — >1- inch drill bit all the way through the door.

3. Attach a spade or “paddle” bit to your drill. The size will depend on the diameter of the peephole you purchased. Measure it and use the appropriate size.

4. Using the pilot hole as a guide, drill through the door with the paddle bit, stopping halfway. This is very important: only drill halfway! Drilling halfway from each side will prevent the door from splitting on the other side.

5. Move to the other side of the door, and drill from that side until you get all the way through to the hole you began on the other side.

6. Insert the viewer sleeve (this is the part of the peephole with the bubble) from the outside of the door.

7. Screw the other half of the viewer into the sleeve from the inside of the door.

8. Tighten the peephole by hand, with one hand on each side of the door.

TIPS:
Make sure you center your drill hole before you start: measure across the door (horizon tally) to be sure.
When using the paddle bit, make sure the drill is level and straight. If you are off even just a tiny bit, you will have a hole that is not level.
Many manufacturers say that you should take the door off its hinges for this project. I say—keep it on! In my opinion, taking the door off its hinges will not make installation easier. Keeping it on provides a stable way to hold the door in place.

Home Wiring Short Circuits

Problem: Power to a circuit is cut off by a fuse or circuit breaker in the main panel.

Background: If a fuse is blown, the fuse window will appear discolored and the metal strip running across the inside of the window will be bro ken. This indicates a short circuit caused by either 2 bare wires touching, or by a hot wire grounding out to a metal object somewhere in the circuit. Circuits protected by cartridge fuses will give no visible indication that a short circuit has taken place. Tripped circuits protected by circuit breakers can be identified when the handle of the circuit breaker is in the “tripped” or “off” position.

What to do: If the circuit power cuts off and no fuse appears to be blown. The method for identifying the cause of a short circuit is the same for fuses or circuit breakers. Disconnect all lights and appliances on the circuit with the blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker. Then replace the blown fuse or turn on the tripped circuit breaker. If the fuse blows or the circuit breaker trips with all appliances unplugged from the circuit, the short is in the circuit wiring itself and the wiring must be repaired or replaced. If the circuit is good, reconnect each light and appliance on that circuit, one at a time.

Special advice: Use extreme caution when reconnecting lights and appliances. Do not connect suspiciously frayed cords to outlets. When you turn on the faulty light or appliance, the fuse will blow or the breaker will trip again. Carefully check appliances for bare cords, broken light sockets, or damaged plugs before replugging.

Helpful hint: If one particular fuse blows several times, shut off all wall switches and appliances on that circuit, and remove all line cords from the sockets. Remove the fuse and screw a 100-watt light bulb into the fuse receptacle. If the bulb lights with all appliances unplugged from the circuit, a short exists within the circuit. If it doesn’t light, connect each of the appliances, lamps, and line cords one at a time. If the bulb lights at the fuse panel and the appliance fails to work, you’ve located the short. Remove the bulb from the panel before disconnecting the faulty appliance.

How to Remove Wallpaper

Removing wallpaper is one of those pit falls of home remodeling that most people would like to avoid at all costs. Unfortunately, it’s an all too common necessity when you buy a new home and discover that you can’t possibly live with the old owner’s decorating tastes. It’s almost always better to remove wallpaper than to cover it or paint it. How to remove wallpaper depends on the type of wallpaper that was used, and the type of wall it’s covering.

There is such a thing as strippable wallpaper. Strippable wallpaper is designed to be easily removed without the use of tools or solutions. You can determine if your wallpaper is strippable by trying to pull it down. Start at one of the upper corners and try to pull the wallpaper off the wall slowly. If it pulls easily without breaking, it’s your lucky day. You can remove strippable wallpaper by slowly pulling it off in a uniform way. Be sure to keep the plane of the paper parallel to the wall and not pulled out towards you for best results.

If you weren’t lucky enough to discover strippable wallpaper, you will require a little more effort to get your wallpaper down. The process for how to remove wallpaper is much more time consuming when it is not strippable. The first step is to move the furniture away from the walls and put down drop cloths. The glue on the backing of the wallpaper will need to be moistened to get the wallpaper down. Unfortunately, some wallpaper is designed to be water resistant (washable), and won’t readily absorb liquid. In this case, you will need to puncture or score the wallpaper so that you can soak the glue. This can be done with a utility knife, but the easiest way is with a special scoring tool for wallpaper available at most hardware stores. This tool fits in the palm of your hand and has spiky wheels on the underside that make tiny holes in the wallpaper.

You can either use a soapy solution of water and household soap to moisten the glue, a warm water and vinegar solution or a chemical wallpaper removal solution. Some chemical solutions are noxious, so check to see if you need a mask, gloves and goggles to work with the one you choose. Whichever solution you choose, apply it to the wallpaper with a spray bottle or a bucket and sponge. Allow it to soak into the glue for about 30 minutes.

When the glue is softened, try to peel off the wallpaper. It may come off with just your hand, but more likely than not, you are going to have to use a putty knife or wallpaper scraper to get it all. Be careful scrapping, and don’t apply too much pressure or you could cause a lot of damage to your walls. You may have to spray some more solution onto the wallpaper as you go if you encounter some tricky pieces that are stuck tight. Continue to peel, spray and scrape until you get all of the wallpaper off.

If you start to remove one layer of wallpaper and discover another layer of wallpaper, you’re looking at twice the work. The bad news is that you need to remove one layer at a time or you risk damaging the walls underneath. Hopefully, there won’t be even more layers under those, or you will have to remove those separately as well.

Once you get all the wallpaper off, you need to remove any remaining glue from the walls that was left behind. To do this, use a solution of tri sodium phosphate (TSP) and warm water. That should remove all of the glue. Let the walls dry completely (it may take several days) before moving on to the next step. You will also have to repair any damage to the walls caused by the removal process. The scraper will occasionally pull off some bits of drywall or poke small holes in the wall, but those can be easily fixed with some spackle. All you have to do is apply the spackle over the hole, let it dry, and sand it down. You can also apply a primer coat on top of it if you like. You’re now all set to paint or apply another wallpaper better suited to your decorating tastes.

Painting Home Basics

Interior Painting

When painting a room, it¹s best to paint the ceiling first, followed by the walls, with the trim, cabinets, and doors painted last. Work from the top down. In order to keep a wet edge, only cut in one wall at a time before you begin painting with rollers.

Brushes are used to cut in around the ceiling, trim, windows, and doors before using a roller. They are also used to paint the trim, window frames and doors. There are a number of brush sizes available in both straight edge and angled sash. Your choice depends upon the size of the area you are painting and whether you prefer a straight edge or an angled sash. Rollers are a great time saver for painting larger flat surfaces such as ceilings and walls. Roller covers come in various nap lengths. Your choice depends upon whether the surface to be painted is smooth or if it is more textured. The more textured the surface, the longer the nap should be in order to allow the fibers to push the paint into the crevices on the surface.

High quality applicators will provide the best painting results. Cheap or low quality applicators can make the best quality paint look and perform poorly. Cheap roller covers do not spread the paint evenly on the surface, and often leave fuzz from the roller on the wall. Inexpensive brushes are harder to use because they do not spread the paint evenly and leave unsightly brush marks. High quality applicators can be cleaned and used again.

When painting, always work from the dry area into the adjoining wet paint area. Use the “N” technique when using a roller. Load the roller completely. Apply the paint in the form of an “N” in a 2¹ x 2¹ area. Fill in the center of the “N” with horizontal strokes from side to side. Lightly smooth the painted area with vertical strokes from top to bottom. Continue to use the “N” pattern with a freshly loaded roller directly below the first “N”, working until you reach the bottom of the wall.

Timesaving Tip: If you take a short break from painting, you can wrap your applicators tightly in a plastic bag or aluminum foil instead of washing them!

Always be sure to stir the paint thoroughly before using and do not thin the paint. If you are using more than one gallon of the same color, mix them together in order to insure color consistency. Paint when the room and surface temperature is 50ƒF or above. Avoid touching, wiping, or wetting a freshly painted surface for 30 days to allow the paint to completely cure. After 30 days, the painted surface can be cleaned with a mild, non-abrasive cleaner and water. Do not place or hang objects on the surface until the paint is thoroughly dry.

Remember: Its important to follow the directions on the back of the paint label. It contains the most important information you need for your painting project.

7 Home Repairs for $15


Keeping your home in tip-top condition doesn’t have to mean taking on big, expensive projects. Here are 15 repairs that can be accomplished for less than $15. Despite relatively small investments of time and money, each of these repairs helps make your home more comfortable, attractive and cost efficient.


Repair a Sink Sprayer: $5 or less
Mineral deposits in the aerator can rob a sink sprayer of its power. Unscrew the aerator from the sprayer and scrub it out with a toothbrush, then soak it in vinegar overnight. If that doesn’t solve the problem, turn off the water to the fixture and remove the faucet handle and spout. Inside the faucet body, you’ll find a small, round diverter valve. Scrub that valve with a toothbrush, coat new O-rings and washers with heat-proof grease, and reassemble the faucet.


Patch a Hole in Drywall: $8 or less
You can fix small holes and minor drywall damage in less than an hour. Scrape the area smooth, using a putty knife. Use the putty knife to fill small holes with ultra-light spackle. Sand when dry. Cover larger holes with nylon drywall tape, then use a broadknife to smooth a coat of joint compound over the area. When the compound is dry, add a second coat, feathering out the edges. Allow to dry. Sand, prime, and paint the repair.


Replace an Interior Door Handle: $15 & Up
When cleaning the mechanism isn’t enough to keep a doorknob from sticking, it’s time to replace the knob. Remove the screws holding the cover plates to the door, then pull the doorknob apart. Outside the door, insert the stem of the new doorknob into the latch case — the mechanism inside the hole in the door. Inside the door, fit the interior knob over the spindle and align the stems with the screw holes. Install a screw into the hole closest to the door edge. Install the other screw, and test the doorknob. If the latch sticks, loosen both screws slightly.


Weatherstrip a Window: $15 or less
This cost-effective fix is super simple, thanks to peel-and-stick weatherstripping. Remove old weatherstrip and thoroughly clean all surfaces. Cut self-adhesive foam or rubber compression strips to fit the outside edges of the window stops. Peel off the backing paper and press the weatherstripping into place.


Caulk a Bathtub: $15 or less
Caulk seals the joint between the bathtub and the wall, which keeps moisture out of the walls. To replace failed caulk, tape the edges of the joint with painter’s tape, and use a utility knife scrape out the old caulk. Thoroughly clean the joint, using a solution of hot water and bleach, then dry the area with a clean rag. Fill the tub with water to open the joint to its maximum capacity. Squeeze a thin bead of caulk into the joint, then use your index finger to smooth it out. Remove the tape.


Unclog a Showerhead: $5 or less
Mineral deposits can reduce a shower’s water pressure and even change its spray pattern. When this happens, an inexpensive jug of white vinegar holds the answer. Remove the showerhead, and use the end of a paper clip to scrape deposits out of the inlet holes. Soak the showerhead in vinegar overnight, then replace it. The pressure should be back.

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