Gas Smell in Home

Problem: Natural gas or propane gas smell is detected in home, or in particular area of appliances.

Background: An odorant is added to natural gas and propane gas to alert people of its presence. Gas build-up can be extremely dangerous and should be taken very seriously. Gas leaks, which can result from a number of causes, can produce tremendous explosions, so it is wise to be overly cautious.

What to do: If you smell a strong gas odor upon returning to your home, do not enter. Call for help from a neighbor’s phone. If you smell gas within any area of your home, do not try to light any appliance. If faint gas odor is detected, put out any smoking materials, don’t turn on any light switches, don’t use any phone in the home. Shut off any valves to appliances suspected of leaking the gas, then call a technician. However, if you are in doubt or if the gas odor is strong, leave the home immediately, call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone, and follow their instructions. If you can’t reach the gas supplier, call the fire department or 911.

Special advice: Liquid propane (LP) gas is heavier than air. If there is a leak in a propane system, the gas will settle near the floor. Basements, crawl spaces, skirted areas under mobile homes (even when ventilated), closets, and areas below ground level, can serve as pockets for accumulated gas. Before at tempting to light or relight a pilot light, or turning on a nearby electrical switch, be absolutely sure there is no accumulated propane gas in the area by sniffing at floor level in the vicinity of any appliance.

Helpful hint: Be especially cautious about gas leaks whenever new gas appliances have been installed. Check all gas pipes and fittings for leaks with a soapy water solution. Before lighting any newly installed appliance, factory fittings on appliances should be checked by a qualified technician.

Garage Door Opener Quits

Problem: The automatic opener does not open the garage door.

Background: An electronic garage door opener may not activate be cause its power supply is interrupted, its antenna is out of position, its transmitter is defective, its remote battery is expired, or its push-button switch inside the garage is defective. First make sure the unit’s receptacle inside the garage is receiving power, and that the opener is plugged in.

What to do: To determine if the transmitter or its battery is bad, simply see if the opener operates when the push button inside the garage is activated. If it works with the push button, next check to see that the unit’s antenna is not bent out of position. Try replacing the transmitter’s battery. If the transmitter still doesn’t work, its button may be defective. Try cleaning it with electrical contact cleaner. If that doesn’t correct the problem, you will most likely need to replace it. Conversely, if the transmitter works but the push button inside the garage doesn’t, turn off the power and clean the push button with electrical contact cleaner. If that doesn’t fix it, turn off all power and replace the switch simply by removing and detaching the 2 wires that are under the screws on the back, and reinstalling a new switch.

Special advice: When a power failure traps your car inside the garage, pull the emergency release mechanism located on the opener track. Usually, this will be a cord hanging down between the opener motor and the door. Pull the disconnect cord down and away from the door to release it. Important: If you disengage the emergency release during a power failure, be sure to also unplug the garage door opener. After the power is back on, pull on the emergency re lease again to re-engage the opener. Make sure all drivers in your house hold know how to use the emergency release mechanism.

Helpful hint: For routine adjustments, and consult the opener owner’s manual. If you don’t have an owner’s manual, contact the manufacturer and request a copy for your specific model. The opener model number should be on the back of the power unit.

Faucet Drips

Problem: Faucet continues to drip and waste water when turned off.

Background: There are several types of faucets found in homes today, including the washer type, the washerless type, the spring-and-valve type, and the disk type. The repair procedure differs for each type. Be cause replacement parts vary so much, it is best to find a hardware supplier in your area that has re placement part reference books and to work with them to find the parts you need. When possible, try to determine the manufacturer of the unit before you go to the hardware store, and take the old parts along with you for reference. If water is leaking out near the handle, along the stem.

What to do: If a faucet begins to leak, never use excessive force to try to close it because that will only cause damage. Nearly all faucets can be taken apart to replace defective parts. Before beginning to work on a faucet, turn off the stop valves on the hot and cold lines. If you don’t have stop valves, you will have to turn off the main water supply valve and work on the faucet when the rest of the home can get by without water (or have a plumber do the work).
With washer-type faucets, drip ping water is often caused by worn-out washers. Replacement involves taking out the screw in the handle (which may be covered by a decorative cap), taking off the handle, loosening the packing nut, and removing the spindle and washer assembly. A screw holds the washer in place. Re place it with the correct-size washer and reassemble. Note: If washers must be replaced often, it may be a sign that the faucet seat is worn. If the seat is replaceable, install a new faucet seat insert, or reseat (smooth the seat with a seat dressing tool). If a worn faucet seat is not removable, the only option is to use this tool. For other types of faucets, consult product sheets, detailed how-to books, or your local parts supplier.

Special advice: If the faucet that drips is more than 5 years old, you may want to consider replacement rather than repair—unless the original is a high-quality faucet. More ex pensive, quality replacement faucets are generally worth the money; they can last up to three times as long as inexpensive faucets, saving both re placement and labor costs.

Helpful hint: If there are no stop valves near the fixture where a faucet must be replaced, consider in stalling new stop valves at the time of the replacement. They will allow you to isolate the fixture and still have water throughout the rest of the house the next time the faucet needs attention.

Furniture Finish Damaged

Problem: Furniture has been blemished with water spots or rings, burn marks from cigarettes, or minor scratches.

Background: Almost any furniture that is used regularly suffers an occasional nick, scratch, burn, or water spot. Though a number of commercial products are available to correct minor defects, furniture-finish ex pert Homer Formby suggests many alternative home remedies, many which use products you probably al ready have in the house.

What to do: To treat water spots and rings caused by moisture trapped underneath wax, try applying tooth paste. Squeeze it onto a wet cotton rag and buff the spotted area. For stubborn areas, combine toothpaste in equal parts with baking soda, an other gentle abrasive. Buff until the spot disappears. Then with a clean cloth continue buffing until you can see yourself. For burn marks, such as those caused by cigarettes, try using nail polish remover. Dip a cotton swab into the remover and rub it lightly across the burn mark. This dissolves the black residue. If any burn mark remains, scrape it gently with a small knife. If a slight hollow remains, mix equal parts remover with clear nail polish and apply 1 coat at a time with the nail polish brush. Let each coat dry between applications (it might take up to 8 coats or so).

Special advice: For minor scratches or other mars on furniture, try using a color crayon which matches the finish. Melt the crayon over the scratch until it flows over the mar, let it cure for half an hour, then gently shave off the residue with a credit card. You can melt the crayon with a soldering iron. Or if you don’t have a soldering iron, tie a nail to a pencil, heat it over a flame, then put the nail to the crayon.

Helpful hint: To mask the musty odor in antique furniture, you can use red cedar shavings (not western cedar). Put the shavings in the toe of an old pair of nylons, tie the end, and cut off the excess. Then tack the sack along the back of the drawer or, if there are no drawers, on the back of the furniture or underneath it.

Furnace Makes Noises

Problem: Furnace makes unfamiliar noises when operating.

Background: Sometimes homeowners think their forced-air furnaces need to be replaced because they make strange noises. But the cause may be a simple mechanical problem with the motor or fan within the blower system. Sometimes making simple adjustments and / or replacing a part will solve a strange noise problem.

What to do: Turn off the power to the furnace, remove access panels, and make a careful examination of the blower area. Check to make sure that the drive belt between the motor and the blower has proper tension, is in alignment, and is not cracked.
Also check the pulley on the motor, making sure that it is not loose on the shaft, has worn grooves, or is dirty. If loose, retighten any set screws. If worn or dirty, remove the belt, clean the pulley, and sand down its interior sides. Also check the pulley on the blower fan. Spin the blower to check for sound which may be caused by something inside. If the fan is rubbing against the housing, it needs to be adjusted and your best bet is to call a technician. Push and pull on blower pulley to check for end-play. If excessive, shaft collars need to be adjusted.

Special advice: A blower that needs oil may also make noises. Follow owner manual instructions to oil. Sometimes oil-less bearings wear out and need replacement. To see if the motor is making the noise, re move the belt and run the motor; the motor may simply need oiling, but motor bearings may still make noise.
If so, decide if you can live with the noise or if you want to replace the motor. A dirty furnace filter can also cause noise; clean the filter as recommended.

Helpful hint: If the burner of a gas furnace makes an unusual noise, the gas input amount may not be correct, or it may be getting too much primary air. In either case, contact a service technician. Also, contact a technician immediately if the walls or windows in your home sweat excessively. The furnace may not be getting enough ventilation or the flue pipe may be blocked.

Fuel Supply Is Cut Off

Problem: Home’s fuel supply is cut oft or diminished.

Background: Power outages, as well as fuel outages, can immobilize the heating and cooking systems in the home. If electricity is off. If you suspect the gas supply has been cut off, first check the pilot lights and other gas appliances to see if they are working. If they are not, contact the utility company. If you suspect a gas leak problem, follow emergency procedures and don’t use matches, electrical appliances, light switches, a flashlight, or smoke cigarettes. If oil heating system doesn’t work, check to see if there is fuel in the tank and whether the furnace blower is get ting power. In all cases, contact your utility or service technician if you suspect other problems with furnaces.

What to do: Until heating systems are restored to operation, you can supplement home heating with a fireplace or with propane or kerosene heaters. However, use extreme caution with auxiliary heaters. They need good ventilation. Such heaters will not provide safe heat for an en tire house, but they can help keep the indoor temperature above the freezing point. If you use camp- stoves or canned-heat products for cooking during an emergency, you must also ventilate your home care fully. Never use a hibachi or char coal-burning grills indoors. They produce carbon monoxide and other dangerous fumes.

Special advice: If a power outage during freezing weather cuts off heat, water pipes can freeze and later burst. If heat is off for a few hours, accessible pipes can be wrapped with newspaper or other material. In extremely cold weather, leave faucets slightly open and shut off water valve on toilet and flush until bowl and tank are empty. If heat is off longer than a couple of days, turn off main valve or water pump, water heater and/or water heating furnace. Save some water for emergency use, then open all faucets and drain the water heater and all pipes by opening the drain valves. If pipes freeze, shut off main water supply, open faucets fully and remove any pipe wrappings.

Helpful hint: Follow the manufacturer’s owner manuals, or call your gas company, for instructions on how to shut off gas appliances in an emergency, and how to relight pilot lights. If a pilot light won’t light or if you smell gas, call your gas company or a service technician. If only the furnace is not working, never use a gas kitchen range as a space heater. This can damage the range and produce dangerous carbon monoxide gas.

Furnace Doesn’t Work

Problem: Furnace is dead, or doesn’t turn on when the thermostat is raised.

Background: What are often thought to be furnace emergencies are caused by the thermostat being set or operated wrong, by having the power to the furnace cut off, or by not having fuel or a working pilot light. (Important: If you detect gas odor in your home or in the furnace area, take immediate precautions.

What to do: First double-check to be sure that power is reaching the furnace. Check the circuit breakers or fuses at the main service box. If reset breakers or replaced fuses blow again, call a service technician. Also check to see that any switches on or near the furnace are turned on. Be sure that the thermostat is set in the “heat” position, and that it is set above room temperature. If the furnace doesn’t come on after an interval, check the furnace itself. If you have a gas furnace, the gas valve should be turned to “on.” If you have an oil furnace, check the fuel level in the tank. If the furnace has a pilot light, check to make sure that it is lit. If not, relight it carefully, following the instructions in the owner’s manual or on the unit.

(Warning: If you smell gas, leave the area immediately and call a technician. The lighting instructions for a gas furnace should explain the procedure to use to determine whether the gas valve is good. If the test procedure indicates the gas valve is bad, turn off furnace gas valve and main gas valve and call a technician. Also call for help if the pilot light does not stay lit after several tries.)

Special advice: Most furnace controls will have a reset switch. If the furnace starts after the reset switch is pushed, but shuts off again, call a technician. Gas furnaces equipped with an electronic ignition device, instead of a pilot light, have a gas valve designed for slow opening. It first opens part way to let just enough gas through for safe ignition of the burners. After a few seconds it opens fully to allow proper flame height. The burners should light within 2 seconds after the gas valve opens. If air in the valve and lines prevents the flame from being established within 6 seconds or so, the system will go into “lock-out.” To reset, wait 1 minute and turn the thermostat to a setting below room temperature. Then turn back up to a setting above room temperature; this should re-start the ignition cycle.

Helpful hint: If the furnace works, but heat is not circulating, the problem may be with the blower or the blower belt. If the flame on burner is yellow or blue, or lifts off of the burner, call for a technician to adjust. Check your owner’s manual for annual maintenance suggestions and keep the furnace and its components free of lint or dirt accumulation.

BEADING | CUTTING IN

BEADING


Making a well-defined line between two colors in a cornet – for example, where walls meet a ceiling – is known as beading. Wait until the paint on the ceiling is thy, and then holding the brush parallel to, but a short distance away from, the ceiling, press it against the wall, splaying the bristles. This will create a bead of paint that should be pushed steadily into the edge or cornet. Work across the wall.


CUTTING IN

Painting the edges around a window or door frame before the rest of the wall is known as cutting in. Once all the edges have been painted in this way, deal with the remainder of the room, blending in the fresh paint with the edges.


1. With a small brush, carefully paint narrow strips, about 1-2 in (2.5-5 cm) wide, at right angles to the frame. Leave a very small gap between the painted strips and the edge of the door frame.


2. Paint over the strips of color with a line parallel to the frame, Make sure to run the bristles close to the edge of the flame to create a well-defined line.


Painting tips & tricks

Rub petroleum jelly on the hinges and door knobs before you start to paint a door. If you get paint on them, they will wipe off easily.

To keep white paint from yellowing, add 2 drops of black paint to each Gallon of white.

When painting ceilings, cut a child’s rubber ball in half and put your paint brush in one of the halves to catch the drips.

An old pair of swimming goggles will protect your eyes from paint splatters and drips when painting ceilings.

When painting, protect your hands and face with moisturizer. Cleanup will be easier and the moisturizer will prevent paint from seeping into the pores.

To stop paint from dripping, punch a few holes in the rim of the paint can. When the brush is wiped against the edge, the paint flows back into the can. The lid covers the holes so the paint won’t dry out.

Before pouring paint from a can, cover the rim with masking tape. After pouring, remove the tape — the rim will be clean and the cover will fit tightly.

To remove lumps from paint: Cut a piece of screen to fit the inside of the paint can. Set it on top of the paint and let it float down to the bottom of the can. It will take all the lumps with it, trapping them at the bottom of the can.

When painting a room, dip a small card into the paint so that you have the exact colour with you and can match accessories in store.

When painting inside corners, trim the paint brush bristles to a V to save strokes and spread paint more easily.

When you poke a paint brush into corners or allow it to rest on the bottom of the paint can, the bristles curl and stray. To straighten natural bristles (not synthetics), try wrapping the brush in a couple of thicknesses of damp cloth and press gently with an iron. The steam and cloth binding do the job. Only light pressure is needed. Let the bristles cool before you unwrap the brush.

When painting old woodwork fill in the holes or cracks with a mixture of flour and some of the paint you are using. It hardens like cement and matches perfectly.

Furniture Painting Ideas

Your home is even made more interesting and beautiful if you have fantastic furniture and fixtures around the house. Some can be quite expensive and the rest just right. If you have several pieces of furniture at home, then you should make sure that you maintain their great look.

Some households have plenty of wood furniture. There isn’t a rule which says that woodwork furniture can’t be painted. Perhaps you’ll need furniture painting ideas to go about the work. Some people don’t have any ideas about painting, especially when it comes to their furniture. If you want to get good furniture painting ideas, then read on.

You can paint your furniture anyway you like; you can paint it in white, in strips, or even paint it with the same color as the wall. As long as you’re comfortable with the color of the paint, then proceed with your painting project.

You will need sandpapers, primer, tack cloth, paint, paintbrushes, and glaze. Some people also use rollers, steel wool, and other painting accessories depending on the furniture that you’re trying to paint.

Here are great wood furniture painting ideas:

1. Paint your furniture in a shade that is in contrast with the wall’s color. This way, you can define the furniture and the wall. You should also consider where the furniture is located. If you want, you can paint the furniture found in your bedroom with the color that suits your personal style; while the furniture found in other parts of the house can be painted in other subtle colors.

2. For best wood furniture painting results, the proper temperature should be maintained in the room. If you stripped your wood furniture, make sure that you apply an acrylic primer before applying any oil-based gloss, eggshell, or any color of acrylic paint.

3. Some people prefer eggshell finish because the gloss finish can have a deadening effect. While you’re painting, always do it in small sections. Lap marks can be avoided if you keep wet edges.

4. If you want, you can also incorporate effects like broken color into your wood furniture. It is highly recommended that paints which are oil-based are best for wood furniture.

5. To add more color to your wood furniture, you can stain it because this allows the furniture’s natural grain patterns to show through.

6. After staining your furniture, you can apply varnish so that the furniture can have a tough coat. Varnishes are available in satin and high gloss finishes.

7. If you have leftover paints, combine those that have identical color in one can and then close it tightly. Keep it for later use.

Are you satisfied with the furniture painting ideas mentioned above? Just to achieve best painting results, you should also make sure that before painting any wood furniture, you have to clean it first with a damp rag. After it dries, then you can sand the entire furniture and get rid of the dust using a tack cloth or a damp rag. Then you can already apply the primer which you should allow to dry thoroughly before applying the base coat that you desire.

Painting your wood furniture is a great idea to maintain its newness and to preserve its beautiful appearance. So if you have pieces of wood furniture at home, don’t forget these cool furniture painting ideas.

Extension Ladder Tip

When you are painting from an extension ladder a “pot hook” is an important tool. You can purchase them at any paint or hardware store, or you can make your own quickly and easily. An old wire handle from a paint bucket makes a great pot hook. Just bend it and make a paper clip-like end to hold the paint can. The other end simply hangs off the rung of the ladder out to the side.


Handy Person Tips

1. Rub petroleum jelly on the hinges and door knobs before you start to paint a door. If you get paint on them, they will wipe off easy.
2. To keep white paint from yellowing, add 10 drops of black paint to each quart of white.
3. When painting ceilings, cut a child’s rubber ball in half and put your paint brush in one of the halves to catch the drips.
4. An old pair of swimming goggles will protect your eyes from paint splatters and drips when painting ceilings.
5. When painting, protect your hands and face with moisturizer. Cleanup will be easier and the moisturizer will prevent paint from seeping into the pores.
6. Before starting to paint with enamel paint, lightly coat your hands and underneath your fingernails with any name brand hand cleaner. After the painting is finished, your hands will be easy to clean.
7. Line your paint tray with aluminum foil. When its time to clean up, just roll up the foil and throw away.
8. To stop paint from dripping, punch a few holes in the rim of the paint can. When the brush is wiped against the edge, the paint flows back into the can. The lid covers the holes so the paint won’t dry out.
9. To remove lumps from paint: Cut a piece of screen to fit the inside of the paint can. Set it on top of the paint and let it float down to the bottom of the can. It will take all the lumps with it, trapping them at the bottom of the can.
10. When painting trim around windows, doorways etc. try using stiff paper to cover the area you don’t want painted. (An old phone book cover works well.) Slide paper along as you paint. It’s much faster and more economical than using masking tape. Works well with either a roller or brush.
11. When painting a room, dip a small card into the paint so that you have the exact color with you and can match accessories in stores.
12. When painting inside corners, trim the paint brush bristles to a V to save strokes and spread paint more evenly.
13. Before pouring paint from a can, cover the rim with masking tape. After pouring, remove the tape — the rim will be clean and the cover will fit tightly.
14. When you poke a paint brush into corners or allow it to rest on the bottom of the paint can, the bristles curl and stray. To straighten natural bristles (not synthetics), try wrapping the brush in a couple of thicknesses of damp cloth and press gently with an iron. The steam and cloth binding do the job. Only light pressure is needed. Let the bristles cool before you unwrap the brush.
15. When painting old woodwork, fill in the holes or cracks with a mixture of flour and some of the paint you are using. It hardens like cement and matches perfectly.