PAINTING BETWEEN ROOMS | HOW TO VARNISH WOOD

PAINTING BETWEEN ROOMS

To paint a door and frame between two rooms in different colors, follow this procedure: open the door and stand in one room (marked A on the picture). Paint the lock edge, the adjacent edge of the frame, the doorstop, and the door front. Open the door wide so that the hinge is visible and stand in the other room (marked B on the picture). In the second color, paint the hinge edge, the flat of the doorstop, and the door front.

Painting in two colors

HOW TO VARNISH WOOD

Unpainted and painted woods benefit from a couple of coats of varnish. Varnish protects against wear and tear. It is available in gloss, semi gloss, and matte finishes. To change the color of the wood, use a pigmented varnish.


1. Pour some varnish into a bucket and dip a lint-free cloth into it. Rub the varnish into the wood, working against the grain. Wait for the varnish to dry (up to 12 hours).


2. Lightly rub the surface with fine sandpaper wrapped around a cork block. Wipe dust particles off the surface with a lint- free cloth that has been dampened in turpentine.


3. Apply another coat of varnish using a clean brush. When the varnish has dried, lightly sand the surface down and wipe clean. The results should be smooth and dust-free.

HOW TO PREPARE BARE WOOD | REPAINTING WOODWORK

HOW TO PREPARE BARE WOOD


Plan ahead when painting wood; it may need several coats of oil-based paint. Lightly sand any rough areas and wipe away the dust with a lint-free cloth dampened in turpentine. Seal knots with shellac or knotting. When thy, apply a layer of primer. When that dries, sand lightly, and then apply a couple of layers of undercoat.


HOW TO PAINT BARE WOOD

Wood is usually painted with oil-based paint. This gives off toxic fumes, so always keep the room well ventilated. When the undercoat is dry, sand and wipe. Apply one or two topcoats for a good finish.


1. Hold a small brush like a pen and apply vertical, parallel lines of paint. Work in sections 1 sq ft (30 sq cm).


2. Without reloading the brush with paint, join the vertical lines by brushing across them with horizontal strokes.


3. Finish with more vertical strokes. Reload the brush before starting on the next area. Begin by the wet edge.

Exterior Painting Pointers – Different Types of House Paint Explained

With so many brands and types of house paint on the market today, it can be confusing to know where to start when choose paint for a household project. Despite the hundreds of paint cans lining the wall at your home improvement store, there are essentially two kinds of paint: Oil based and water based. But you will also find primers, enamels, acrylics and many others. Here are descriptions of seven different house paints you will commonly find on the shelf.

Oil Based vs. Water Based House Paint

Each of these two types of paint differs and each has paint varieties under them. Oil-based house paint takes more time to dry than water based house paint. There are drying additives added to oil based paints to aid in shorter drying times. The finish of oil-based paints is also glossier and harder. In order to clean oil-based paint you need to use harsh chemicals like paint thinner. The water-based paints dry as fast as moisture can evaporate. Water-based paint is not as durable as oil based nor is it as shiny. A small amount of detergent and water will allow you to clean water-based paint.

Primer

This is not usually considered paint but it is needed in many painting projects and is found in the paint aisle. Primer can be oil-based or water-based. When you are painting and need to use a primer always use one that matches the house paint you are using. If painting with oil based paint, you would use oil-based primer.

Interior and Exterior Paint

You will see paint labeled interior and exterior paint. Due to having to withstand the elements you would use water based paint on the interior. Exterior paint is best left to oil based paints.

Specialty Paints

Each paint type can have paints with additives included in the paint. These paints can include anti-mold and anti-mildew properties as well as fire retardant. There are also paints that have anti-condensation additives added to them which make this paint popular in kitchens.

Latex Paint

This is a term used to describe water-based house paint. There is actually no latex in the paint.

Acrylic

This is just another term for water based house paint. The binding ingredient in the paint is acrylic. Acrylic paint can be found in several varieties including acrylic latex, acrylic enamel or acrylic latex enamel. This paint will not yellow. Acrylic enamel house paint is considered as such due to its durability. It is not a mixture of oil- and water-based paint. Always consult the labels of the paint as not all paints contain latex or acrylic despite the name. Remember that the higher the shine the more imperfections the paint will show.

Enamel Paint

Oil-based paint is given the term “enamel” due to the hardness and durability of the paint. These paints will also include gloss and semi-gloss paint finishes. This house paint is mostly used around windows, doors and trim. Over time this paint can discolor.

PAINTING OUTLET COVERS | ADDING DETAILS

PAINTING OUTLET COVERS

Switchplates can be removed from the wall, but if you do this) you must turn off the power supply first. To take off the cover, ease the plate from the surface with a screwdriver or flat-bladed knife. Then carefully paint behind the surround. An easier option is to paint around the cover. To do this, stick masking tape around the edges.

CAREFULLY PAINT AROUND THE TAPE


ADDING DETAILS

Wooden and plaster details, such as moldings, cornices, and dado rails, should be painted with a small decorating brush or artist’s brush. Paint the background color with a 1-in (25 mm) brush and then pick out the fine details with an artist’s brush. Keep your hand steady on a maulstick as you paint. Use masking tape see opposite) to keep a straight line between two colors.

REST YOUR HAND ON A MAULSTICK


Painting tips & tricks

Rub petroleum jelly on the hinges and door knobs before you start to paint a door. If you get paint on them, they will wipe off easily.

To keep white paint from yellowing, add 2 drops of black paint to each Gallon of white.

When painting ceilings, cut a child’s rubber ball in half and put your paint brush in one of the halves to catch the drips.

An old pair of swimming goggles will protect your eyes from paint splatters and drips when painting ceilings.

When painting, protect your hands and face with moisturizer. Cleanup will be easier and the moisturizer will prevent paint from seeping into the pores.

To stop paint from dripping, punch a few holes in the rim of the paint can. When the brush is wiped against the edge, the paint flows back into the can. The lid covers the holes so the paint won’t dry out.

Before pouring paint from a can, cover the rim with masking tape. After pouring, remove the tape — the rim will be clean and the cover will fit tightly.

To remove lumps from paint: Cut a piece of screen to fit the inside of the paint can. Set it on top of the paint and let it float down to the bottom of the can. It will take all the lumps with it, trapping them at the bottom of the can.

When painting a room, dip a small card into the paint so that you have the exact colour with you and can match accessories in store.

When painting inside corners, trim the paint brush bristles to a V to save strokes and spread paint more easily.

When you poke a paint brush into corners or allow it to rest on the bottom of the paint can, the bristles curl and stray. To straighten natural bristles (not synthetics), try wrapping the brush in a couple of thicknesses of damp cloth and press gently with an iron. The steam and cloth binding do the job. Only light pressure is needed. Let the bristles cool before you unwrap the brush.

When painting old woodwork fill in the holes or cracks with a mixture of flour and some of the paint you are using. It hardens like cement and matches perfectly.

HOW TO PAINT A CEILING | USING MASKING TAPE

HOW TO PAINT A CEILING

You can paint a ceiling working from a stepladder or a work platform (make sure yours is stable) or from the floor using a roller or paint pad with a handle extension. If you are standing on a platform, leave at least 3 in (7.5 cm) above your head, Divide the ceiling into sections of about 1-1/2ft (30-45 cm) wide and work each section away from the main light source.

A ROLLER WITH AN EXTENSION

USING MASKING TAPE

If you intend to divide an area horizontally into two colors or to paint around an object such as a switchplate, it is helpful to stick down low-tack masking tape to create a straight line between the different color divisions. You can use tape along the edge of the floor to keep it free of paint when you decorate the baseboards. Also use masking tape to attach stencils to a wall.


1. Mark the line between the two colors with a soft pencil and a ruler. Check the alignment of the horizontal line with a level and the vertical line with a level or plumb line.


2. Stick down the masking tape along the line, making sure that the pencil line is still visible. If your dividing line is vertical, stick the masking tape along the far edge of the line.


3. Apply paint from the middle of the masking tape downward with a small decorating brush. Once you have covered the immediate area, paint the rest of the surface with a large brush.


4. When you have finished painting the wall and the paint is completely dry, you can pull off the tape. The use of low tack masking tape keeps the paint from being peeled off at the same time.

Fresh Paint Smell – Paint Tips

Eliminate paint odor by adding two teaspoons of vanilla to a quart of paint.


Handy Person Tips

1. To avoid cleaning paint brushes and rollers if you intend to use the same color later, or if you do not have time to clean immediately, place the brushes and rollers in a plastic bag, tie shut and place in the freezer. They will keep for several days without drying up.
2. Protect hands from paint solvent by putting the brush and solvent into a strong plastic bag. With hands outside the bag, work the solvent into the brush through the plastic.
3. After cleaning your paint brush, a few drops of oil worked into the bristles will leave the brush soft and ready to use.
4. To clean paint rollers, fill an empty one-quart milk carton with solvent, put the roller inside and crimp the ends shut. Give the carton a few shakes, then let sit for a couple of hours.
5. Simmer hardened paint brushes in full-strength vinegar. Re move the softened paint with a wire comb or brush.
6. To remove oil or enamel paint from your hands, rub on paste floor wax and then wash with plenty of soap and warm water. There is no odor and it’s easier on the skin than paint remover.
7. In time, a partly used can of paint will develop a skin on top. To prevent this, cut wax paper the size of the can and drop it in.
8. To save partial cans of leftover paint, fill the airspace with a lightly inflated balloon before pressing on the lid.
9. A coat of penetrating stain applied to a smooth wood surface may last only three or four years, but a second application after the wood has weathered will last as long as 10.
10. To give bathroom fixtures a new look, paint with an epoxy paint, sold especially for that purpose.
11. Never stir varnish. It has no color pigments which need blending and stirring will create air bubbles which can ruin a smooth finish.
12. To frost a bathroom or garage window, make a solution of one cup of beer to four tbsp. Epsom salts and paint on the window. It washes off when you want a clear pane again.
13. If you have a small hole in your wall (after moving pictures etc.) take a wax crayon as near the color of your wall as possible. Rub the hole with the crayon, polish with a dry cloth and the hole is invisible.
14. Clean out old nail polish bottles and fill with ‘touch-up’ paint for scuffs and scratches that may occur on your walls.
15. When hanging pictures on plaster walls, put a small piece of adhesive tape where the nail is to go in. Drive the nail through the tape. This helps prevent the plaster from cracking.
16. When drilling a hole in any kind of wall, take an envelope, crease the edges to hold it open, then fasten it to the wall just under where you are drilling. It keeps a great deal of mess from hitting the floor and makes clean-up easier.
17. After wallpaper or painting, write the amount under a light-switch plate and you’ll always know how much wallpaper or paint you need for that room.

Exterior Wood Finishing ( Staining )

Step 1 Surface Preparation

First, you want to sweep all the wood to remove dirt, dust, and cobwebs. The next thing is to check the wood for water discolourization spots. If there are any, you will have to mix 50% javex and 50% water together. This mixer can still hurt your hands and eyes so make sure you use gloves and safety goggles. IF you find any rough areas, sand smooth and brush clean.

Step 2 First Coat

For the first coat of stain, you want to put lost of stain on, you always start at one end of the piece and work toward the other end. Do two pieces at a time then if you can switch to three pieces. Whatever you are comfortable with. Do not stop halfway
down a piece then stop. This will make a lap mark when you return to finish the piece. Always finish what you start.

Step 3 Second Coat

Follow a similar pattern of the first coat. Remember once you start, don’t stop until the pieces are completed.


COLOR Frequently asked questions

How do colors effect room size?

Generally, warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are always a good choice for making a room look larger.

My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors….?

This depends on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.

Should trim work be painted the same color as the walls…?

Use the same color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to bring out the trim work and add highlights.

Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the wall?

Larger surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule, always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and lighting.

What is the best way to decide which color is best for my room?

Take color chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and at night so you will see how lighting will effect your color choices.

What color should I paint my ceiling?

White or off-white colors will create the illusion of having a higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling. Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.

Will the paint actually match the color chip?

As a general rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter than when applied in a room. Always take into account the sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other colors that are in the room.

PAINTING WITH A ROLLER | WHEN TO USE A PAINT PAD

PAINTING WITH A ROLLER

Rollers are useful for painting large areas and are available in different sizes and textures. Foam and mohair sleeves are good for covering smooth surfaces; wood and deep-pile synthetic suit rough surfaces. Cut in edges before using on a wall.


1. Rollers are suitable for applying latex paint: oil-based paint can be difficult to clean off from the cover. Prepare for painting by pouring a quantity of paint into a clean, dry roller tray.


2. Place the roller sleeve over the roller. Dip the roller in the paint, rolling it up and down the incline of the tray until it is well covered.


3. Apply the paint randomly by running the roller up and down the wall and from side to side. Spread the paint as evenly as possible, and try not to let the roller slide across the wall.


4. To complete one area, lift off in an upward stroke. When you move to an adjacent area, roll over the wet edges to blend. Be careful not to splash paint onto the woodwork.


WHEN TO USE A PAINT PAD

Paint pads are interchangeable with rollers. They are ideal for applying water-based paint to large areas. Although they can be used with oil-based paints, it is possible that the cleaning solvents required to remove oil-based paint could damage the sponge. Paint pads can be used to paint metalwork and wood.


1. Pour the paint into a paint-pad tray or a roller tray. Lightly dip the pad into the paint, keeping the pad flat. Do not submerge it. If overloaded, wipe off the excess. Alternatively, buy an applicator to apply paint to the pad.


2. Cover the surface randomly in a light, crisscross motion. Do not press too hard or the paint will drip. Reload the pad only when you can see that the paint coverage is beginning to thin.

BEADING | CUTTING IN

BEADING


Making a well-defined line between two colors in a cornet – for example, where walls meet a ceiling – is known as beading. Wait until the paint on the ceiling is thy, and then holding the brush parallel to, but a short distance away from, the ceiling, press it against the wall, splaying the bristles. This will create a bead of paint that should be pushed steadily into the edge or cornet. Work across the wall.


CUTTING IN

Painting the edges around a window or door frame before the rest of the wall is known as cutting in. Once all the edges have been painted in this way, deal with the remainder of the room, blending in the fresh paint with the edges.


1. With a small brush, carefully paint narrow strips, about 1-2 in (2.5-5 cm) wide, at right angles to the frame. Leave a very small gap between the painted strips and the edge of the door frame.


2. Paint over the strips of color with a line parallel to the frame, Make sure to run the bristles close to the edge of the flame to create a well-defined line.


Painting tips & tricks

Rub petroleum jelly on the hinges and door knobs before you start to paint a door. If you get paint on them, they will wipe off easily.

To keep white paint from yellowing, add 2 drops of black paint to each Gallon of white.

When painting ceilings, cut a child’s rubber ball in half and put your paint brush in one of the halves to catch the drips.

An old pair of swimming goggles will protect your eyes from paint splatters and drips when painting ceilings.

When painting, protect your hands and face with moisturizer. Cleanup will be easier and the moisturizer will prevent paint from seeping into the pores.

To stop paint from dripping, punch a few holes in the rim of the paint can. When the brush is wiped against the edge, the paint flows back into the can. The lid covers the holes so the paint won’t dry out.

Before pouring paint from a can, cover the rim with masking tape. After pouring, remove the tape — the rim will be clean and the cover will fit tightly.

To remove lumps from paint: Cut a piece of screen to fit the inside of the paint can. Set it on top of the paint and let it float down to the bottom of the can. It will take all the lumps with it, trapping them at the bottom of the can.

When painting a room, dip a small card into the paint so that you have the exact colour with you and can match accessories in store.

When painting inside corners, trim the paint brush bristles to a V to save strokes and spread paint more easily.

When you poke a paint brush into corners or allow it to rest on the bottom of the paint can, the bristles curl and stray. To straighten natural bristles (not synthetics), try wrapping the brush in a couple of thicknesses of damp cloth and press gently with an iron. The steam and cloth binding do the job. Only light pressure is needed. Let the bristles cool before you unwrap the brush.

When painting old woodwork fill in the holes or cracks with a mixture of flour and some of the paint you are using. It hardens like cement and matches perfectly.

PAINTING WALLS & CEILINGS > ORDER OF WORK | HOW TO APPLY LATEX PAINT

PAINTING WALLS & CEILINGS


ORDER OF WORK

Remove the furniture and wall hangings or place them in the center of the room, and cover with a drop cloth. Remove light fixtures from the walls if possible, and cover outlets with plastic bags. Cover the floor with a drop cloth. Now clean and prepare the surfaces to be painted. The ceiling should be the starting point, and then work across the walls. Paint the woodwork last.


HOW TO APPLY LATEX PAINT

Ideal for walls and ceilings, latex is available as a matte or silk finish. It is water soluble and dries quickly.


1. Work in areas of 2 sq ft (60 sq cm) in light, crisscross strokes. Do not apply the paint too thickly.


2. Finish with an upward stroke. Move to the adjacent area. Do not apply more coats until the first coat is dry.