Paint Tips

What is Paint?
Paint consists of:

• Pigments for color.
• Binders that hold the pigments together.
• Liquid that disperses and delivers the pigments.
• Additives that supply traits such as moisture resistance.


More Painting Tips

Paint Safety
Before beginning any paint project, make certain you are working in a well ventilated room.

Clean As You Go
When painting, keep a damp rag handy to clean up as you go. It’s much easier to clean paint that is still wet.

Paintbrush Overload
For a quicker and more efficient paint job, don’t overload the paintbrush or roller. If it drips, there’s too much paint.

Door Painting
When you’re painting a door, waiting between coats for each side to dry can be time consuming. Here’s a shortcut. First, drive nails into the four corners and attach a length of rope. Loop each rope once around a rafter or beam. After painting one side, you can flip the work over, unlooping the ropes, to paint the other side.

Paint Spray Technique
Using a paint sprayer can give you some versatility for your next project. Using a spray gun rather than a roller or brush allows you the option of varying color schemes by fading and layering colors. You can achieve this by moving closer or farther away from your surface. To ensure a smooth finish, move at a consistent speed across your surface and remember to always clean your machine and hoses to avoid clogging.

Power Paint Sprayer
Use a power sprayer to cut days off your next big exterior paint job. Apply a thin coat first as a primer, using even, steady strokes that overlap. Start at the bottom and work your way up, so you can get at the underside of your clapboards or shingles. Allow this coat to dry and apply final coats the same way. Remember to keep the sprayer and its attachments clean and clog-free.

Paintbrush cleaning
Cleaning paintbrushes is a messy job, but someone’s got to do it. First wipe off as much excess as you can. If you’re using latex paint, work the bristles in warm soapy water. For oil-based paint, first clean brushes in a glass or metal container in an inch of solvent, then use warm soapy water. Smooth clean bristles with an old comb.

Painting Time
When painting a room which has surfaces that are in good shape, plan on spending about half as much time on preparation and clean-up as the actual painting. Where surfaces are in poor shape, non-painting time will increase accordingly, and may take more time than the paint application itself. To save time in cleaning up paint trays, either line them with aluminum foil before starting, or simply slip smaller trash bags over them.

Carrying Paint
Smaller quart-size paint cans are hard to carry and easy to tip over. To avoid these problems, try this: Put the quart paint can inside of an empty gallon can that has a handle. It will be easier to carry and, if it spills inside of the larger can, you can just pour the paint back into the quart can.

Painter tape
When masking off areas around trim etc. Use quality painters tape. This tape is wider than most masking tape, it doesn’t absorb the paint and is easy to apply and remove. It usually comes with an adhesive strip along one edge which covers about a 1/3 of the width of the tape. Don’t use plain old masking tape.

Paint Storage
To prevent air from entering partially used paint cans, store them upside down after placing the top on firmly.

Painting Tips for Interior Painting

Foam Rollers > Foam rollers can really assist in getting a beautiful smooth wall finish. They are easy to use and spatter very little. Try them for your next paint job! (They won’t work on heavily textured or rough surfaces however.) Foam brushes on the other hand are mainly useful only for small paint jobs since they may not stand up to doing an entire room.

Pad Painters > Smooth pad painters are extremely useful and offer neat application and simple cleanup.

Just make sure you only ‘float’ the pad on top of the paint to load it, since once the pad is submerged into the paint it can become a drippy mess and you’ll need to take it apart, clean it, and start over.

Rollers > Look for rollers with plastic interiors (rather than cardboard) for longer life. Foam rollers are great for use on smooth walls. Otherwise, choose the roller nap (the thickness of the fluffy covering) according to the texture of your wall. Flat smooth walls need a flat smooth roller. Rougher walls need thicker rollers so paint will get down into all the crevices.

Latex Paint > Experts agree that latext paints are friendlier to the environment than oil paints. Latex gives you a faster drying time and requires only water cleanup. Use synthetic bristle brushes (not natural bristle) with latex paints.

Oil Paint > Die hard traditionalists still like oil paints. Use natural bristle brushes for oil paints and get advice at the paint store on cleaning brushes and rollers.

Keep Paint Covered > Exposure to air causes latex paint to skim over, so it’s best to keep the can of paint covered whenever possible. Pour small amounts of paint into a roller tray or small cardboard paint buckets and work from those.

Drop Cloths > Newspaper won’t give your floors enough protection. Plastic sheeting can be slippery. A good environmentally-friendly choice are large heavy canvas drop cloths available at paint stores or home centers. These can be folded to fit most any size room, are not slippery, and can be reused endlessly. Tape down the edges so spills won’t get under the cloth. If you have hardwood floors be sure to vacuum them before putting a drop cloth down.

Tinted Primer > When you purchase paint ask to have cans of primer tinted to match your wall color. Lighter colors can be matched fairly well, though primers won’t take enough pigment to match deeper wall colors. Using tinted primer can often save painting an extra finish coat. Some ceiling white paint is being marketed that is tinted blue when wet, drying to white, which may offer better control and coverage during painting.

Blue Tape > Painter’s blue tape is available in several widths. It is strong yet won’t pull up existing paint in most cases. The tape has a slightly waxy coating that helps seal out paint from seeping underneath. Simply “zip” down a length of tape with the back of a spoon or a knife blade in order to activate the seal. Test this on your surface first with the paint you’ll be using to see how well it works. The seal will only be effective on smooth surfaces. Also, use a minimum of paint near the tape to reduce the chances of seep-through. Remove blue tape when no longer needed, and leave it up only couple of days at the most.

Painting Tips for Homeowners

Comparing Oil and Latex Paints

Durability-Good adhesion is probably the single most important property of paints, because it helps prevent blistering , flaking and cracking.

Latex- Top quality latex paints that contain top quality acrylic binders provide maximum adhesion to most surfaces. Latex paints are also very flexible, so they continue to adhere even when temperature changes cause the surface to expand and contract. This elasticity helps forestall chipping, peeling, flaking and other common paint failures.
? Oil-Alkyd paints also have excellent adhesion, and perform better than latex over heavily chalked surfaces. But with time, the alkyd can embrittle, sometimes resulting in cracking in just a few years.

Color Retention

Latex-Top quality acrylic latex paints provide superior resistance to bleaching and fading,, even when exposed to damaging ultraviolet sun rays.
Oil-Alkyd paints fade faster than latex paints. They are more likely to chalk (develop a powdery substance on their surface), which causes the color to whiten.

Ease of Application

Latex-Latex paints glide smoothly from the brush or roller onto the surface. Top quality latex paints are especially easy to apply, since recently developed additives provide even application and spatter resistance.
Oil-Compared to latex paints, alkyd paints are more difficult to apply,, especially when brushing a large area, because they have more “drag”. On the other hand, they go on heavier and give more complete one-coat hiding and coverage.

Mildew Resistance

Latex-Top quality acrylic latex paints contain mildewcides to discourage mildew and help the paint maintain a fresh appearance.
Oil-Alkyd paints, while also containing mildewcides, are derived from vegetable oils which provide nutrients for mildew growth.

Variety of Uses

Latex-Latex paints can be used on wood, concrete, metal, vinyl siding, aluminum siding, brick and stucco.
Oil-Alkyd paints should not be directly applied to galvanized metal. They also require special chemical pre-treatments before use on new concrete, stucco and other masonry surfaces.

Odor

Latex-Latex paints have little odor and are non-flammable.
Oil-Alkyd paints have noticeably more odor owing to the solvents and oils they contain.

Clean-up

Latex-Latex paints clean up easily with soap and water.
Oil-Alkyd paints require solvents for clean up, making the chore messy and complicated.

Drying Time

Latex-Latex paints dry in just a couple of hours, so you can recoat quickly. However they are vulnerable in case of sudden rain.
Oil-Drying time for alkyd paints can take up to two days- plenty of time for dirt, insects and people to come in contact with the surface and potential to mar it permanently.

Painting Safety Tips

Before tackling how-to painting projects, it is crucial to “brush up” on safety tips. Since painting is the most popular D-I-Y project, please read on to learn how to paint your home safely.

General Tips

You’ve heard it before, but please read the label on the paint can and follow manufacturer’s instructions. If the paint is flammable or combustible, take these precautions:

• Open windows and doors to create ventilation and disperse fumes.
• Eliminate all sources of flame, sparks and ignition (put out pilot lights by turning off the gas and do not re-• • • light until after room is free of fumes).
• While working with flammable or combustible paints, don’t smoke.
• Don’t use electrical equipment while working with paints (it may cause sparks)
• Make sure light bulbs are not exposed to sudden breakage.
• Clean up spills promptly.
• Keep containers closed when not in use.

Outfitting Yourself for Painting

• Wear long sleeve shirt and long pants when painting.
• Wear butyl rubber gloves. This will protect skin and make cleanup easier.
• Wear chemical splash goggles and paint respirator.

Health Precautions

• If paint is swallowed, follow the first-aid directions on the label and contact doctor or poison center immediately.
• While painting, if you feel dizzy or nauseous, leave work area and get fresh air. If discomfort persists, seek medical help.
• If solvent paint gets on your skin, wash immediately with soap and water.
• If solvent paint gets in your eyes, flush eyes with cold water for 15 minutes and obtain medical treatment.

Storing Paint Properly

• Follow label instructions for storing.
• Before storing, make sure containers are tightly sealed.
• Do not store near heat sources such as furnaces and space heaters.
• If you have a very small amount of solvent left, dispose of it properly; don’t store it.
• Keep paint products out of reach of children.
• Do not store or re-use empty containers.

Painting Preparation Tips

Preparation is a necessity in whatever things you are intended to do. In painting, preparation is a must. You can’t just roll the paint or brush paint to your walls, ceilings or anything, it will only turn out ugly instead of making it beautiful. Surely, it will not only waste your things, but you will also waste your time and effort.

In painting, the number 1 reason for its failure is poor preparation. Here are some useful painting preparation tips that will surely help you.

Plan out well what is your color scheme before even buying paint. Think twice before choosing the color you want. Match it to your other décor and consider well what well be its effect to your other things. Be sure also that you have all the things and materials needed before starting so you won’t have to go back and fort to the store to buy it.

Next, prepare the surface of what you are going to paint. Whether you are painting an iron chair, staining a wood end table, walls, ceilings or anything, preparing the surface is absolutely important. If the paint doesn’t have a clean, smooth surface to adhere to, it won’t last long and definitely it won’t look good. Like in walls, it should be sanded, spackled and cleaned, for paint to adhere properly.

If you are painting a room, prepare it too. Remove all your furniture before you begin. If you can’t remove some of your things, use a newspaper or a drop cloth to cover it and floor. Undoubtedly, you don’t want paints splattering over it. Remove also outlet covers, light fixtures, door knobs, electrical switches and other hardware and so if won’t bother your painting.

If the surface is shiny or high-gloss, clean it also and have it sanded in order for the paint to bond. If you are painting a wall, scrape off the wallpapers and flaking paints. Painting over wallpaper will not look good. But if you still want to paint over it, be sure that the paper is tight and does not contain any bleeding colors. You can also apply primer if necessary. If the surface has been painted before, you only need to repaint the patched or repaired areas.

Tape off also the window frames, baseboards or any areas that you don’t want to be painted. This will avoid paint drips and smudges to these areas.

Look also for cracks in the surface. Fill them with patching plasters, filler, wood putty or other suitable compound, whichever is appropriate. When the patch is dry, sand it lightly so that they will level to the surface. Fill nail holes with spackling compound and sand it lightly. To inspect the repaired damages and trim work, dig out rot and filling depression with wood filler.

If you’re painting a metal, sand the entire object so that the rust will be removed and any rough areas are leveled with the rest of the object. It will look better after it is painted if it has a smooth surface. Wash also the surface with good detergent to get rid of the grease, dust and dirt, then rinse it with clean water and let it dry completely.

Following these tips will result to a beautiful and flawless painting. This will definitely save your energy, time and money. Now you are ready to paint.

Painting Metal Tips

There are many different painting metal tips that you can take and run with. There are several different types of metal. Your first step is to know which type you plan to paint and then learn how to paint it. Why take so much time to learn about painting metal? It is quite simple. If you know how to paint it properly, it will come out beautifully. Here are some of the steps you need to take when painting metal. Tips like these are important to follow!

You will want to start with a clean, dry surface no matter what. Non ferrous metals will require that you use an etching liquid on them so that the paint sticks to the metal. You will then need to sand glossy surfaces to help with adhesion. You will also need to check for and repair any signs of corrosion on the surface as well.

What most people do not do when painting metal is to use a primer. Unfortunately, if you go without the primer you are asking for trouble! In areas where there is rust damage, use a rust inhibitive primer. Primers allow the paint to stick to the metal better while not “looking” bad. Depending on the type of metal that you are using, you will want to paint with the correct type of primer. For example if you are painting a ferrous metal, then look for a primer that will work in this situation best.

Other things that you need to do when painting metal include making sure that your paint is usable on metal, making sure to mix it well, and making sure that you get a good two coats on the surface. These tips are only the start of your project. You need to take the time to find out which type of paint you need and you need to make sure that safety is always the first priority.

Painting like a pro

Ready to paint the interior of your home but have no clue as to what kind of preparation, paint or tools you need to do a quality job? Let’s shed a little light on the subject to help you achieve the attractive, long-lasting results you might expect could come only from a professional.

Let me begin by stressing the importance of good preparation. Resist the temptation to take short cuts in this step of a painting project to save time or effort, because proper prep work can make the difference between a good job and a great job and help prevent any paint failures.

When painting spread professional-quality canvas drop cloths to cover and protect the floor. Spilled paint doesn’t soak through canvas as it does a bed sheet or other lightweight cloth, and canvas is safer to walk on. Working on a plastic drop cloth can be like painting on roller skates.

1. First, you need to take down window coverings, and remove the switch-plates and hardware from doors (and cabinets, if you’ll be painting them).

2. Move all the furniture to the middle of the room and cover it with plastic.

3. Enamel paint on trim needs to be dulled using either sandpaper (be sure to wear a dust mask) or a liquid deglosser (be sure to follow directions on the label). I prefer sandpaper because it enables you to sand out old brush marks and roughness.

4. If there is oil-based enamel on the trim or cabinets, you’ll need to apply a prime coat. I prefer a slower drying oil based primer with good hiding ability (you’ll need paint thinner to clean up).

5. Next, fill cracks with a paintable latex caulk, fill nicks and dings with spackle or bond and spot prime these areas. Wall prep usually isn’t as time consuming.

6. Clean any grease, wax or dirt with Tri Sodium Phosphate (TSP) or another degreaser, then rinse.

7. Walls which were previously painted with oil-based enamel (most likely in older kitchens, bathrooms or laundry rooms) should be primed with an oil based primer.

8. Smoke stains should be primed with a stain blocking primer.

9. Fill nail holes with spackle, applied with your fingertip instead of a knife so you don’t fill in any wall texture. I will assume you will be painting with a brush and roller, and not need to do a lot of masking, as is the case when applying paint with a sprayer.

10. Cover baseboards with two inch masking tape.

11. Now that you’ve got your home all prepped and ready to put some fresh color on your walls, you need to pick up the paint and tools required to do a quality job. With all the paint manufacturers and dealers out there offering so many different grades of products, it’s no wonder many consumers have no idea which products to buy. Don’t buy the cheapest stuff you can get your hands on because it probably won’t give you the coverage or durability you need. But you don’t necessarily need the most expensive, either. Knowing what you’re looking for will make it much easier.

Finishes and Gloss

The vast majority of finishes used today are water-based latex. Oil based paints are rarely used for finishes anymore because the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has put a limit on the amount of volatile chemicals that can be used.

The first thing to understand is that paints have different gloss ratings (or sheens), from flat to lo-sheen, eggshell, semi-gloss and finally, gloss. Flat has little or no sheen and is used primarily for walls and ceilings. The remaining is considered enamels and can range from a five to 85 percent sheen rating – the higher the rating, the higher the shine. These are used for trim, cabinets and walls in kitchens, bathrooms and laundry rooms. Many homeowners use enamels on all their walls because they are more durable and easier to clean, but I recommend lo-sheen because it is more attractive than shinier enamels.

How Much Paint to Buy?

You’ll need to measure the square footage of your walls and ceilings. Most paints will cover from 300 to 400 square feet per gallon. Double that, because I recommend applying two coats on all surfaces to insure good coverage and maximum durability.

Tools

1. At least one good two and one-half- to three-inch paint brush (Purdy is a good brand and if you keep it clean it should last forever)

2. A nine-inch roller frame

3. A nine-inch screen

4. A nine-inch roller covers with a one-half to one-inch nap “lamb’s wool is best”

5. A two-gallon bucket

6. A five-gallon bucket

7. A four-to eight-foot rolling pole (which could double as a handle for a broom or other implement) to save time and your back

8. You might also consider foam brushes and rollers (for a smoother finish on trim and cabinets)

Make just one final appraisal of your prep work to make sure it is complete. (Remember, no short cuts!) Read the labels on the paint cans for any special instructions and familiarize yourself with what you are using. Now you should be ready to go!

1. Put your nine-inch screen in your five-gallon bucket (eliminating any need for a roller tray) and pour three to four gallons of paint in the bucket.

2. Attach your rolling pole to the roller frame, slide on the roller cover and dunk it into the bucket.

3. Roll only three feet at a time to spread the paint evenly over the wall, using the roller to get as close to the corners as possible.

4. After rolling, pour some paint into the two-gallon bucket, dip your new brush and start “cutting in” around the trim and corners.

5. Make sure the paint is completely dry before applying the second coat.

Trim

For trim, make sure the surface is clean before painting, some enamels brush better than others, so ask the paint store which product has the best brush ability and is user friendly. A product called Floe-tol can also be added to enamels to help them flow better and eliminate brush marks, or you can add a few splashes of water (just don’t overdo it). You can also try the foam brush or roller, experimenting to see what is most comfortable and effective for you.

Painting Laminated Plastic Countertops

One of the main concerns with using melamine paint on your countertops is the curing period between coats. The following is the proper method to paint counters.

1. Wash the entire area using TSP (tri sodium phosphate) and a Scotch Brite type abrasive scrub pad.

2. Rinse well with clear water.

3. Allow it to dry.

4. Mask all areas to be protected such as sinks, faucets, the backsplash, etc.

5. Roll on first coat using a Wizz roller (foam type) and allow it to cure for a full 24 hours.

6. Roll on a second coat and allow another full 24 hours.

7. Never place hot pots/plates or do any cutting on the painted surface.

Note: Always remember this is still paint, so use your countertop with TLC.

Painting Ideas For Interior Walls

Many people want to make their home to look a little classier and more comfortable to live in. This is why many Americans today spend a lot of money on interior decorations and on comfortable chairs, such as recliners and extra soft mattresses. However, what many people don’t know is that comfort and coziness also depends on the walls itself.

Try to imagine living in a home with all walls painted in black or with walls with no paint at all. It will seem dull and unwelcoming. You have to consider that the coziness and the warmth in homes will also depend on the wall paint. With the right mixture of colors, you will see that your home will even be more inviting and cozier to live in than ever before.

Firstly, painting interior walls isn’t just about arming yourself with a roller and the paint you like. It is also important to know that there are painting methods and techniques that you can use in interior wall painting to make your home more welcoming to look at. The proper painting techniques will also enhance the lighting and the look of your furniture too.

So, here are some of the techniques that you can use when you are painting your home’s interior walls:

Firstly, you have to choose the proper color for every room of your home. In the kitchen, you should consider choosing a color that will match the finish of your cabinets and the table. It is important that you should also choose a bright color for the kitchen. It will improve your mood and it will also keep you smiling as you prepare you and your family’s meals.

You should also choose a different color scheme for every room of your home in order for people to distinguish which room is which. Using different color schemes in every room will also make your home unique and better to look at. Besides, a home with a single color scheme, no matter how bright or happy the color scheme is, it will still be very dull to have a single color scheme.

In the bathroom, you can consider choosing a clean looking color, such as blue or green. These colors can give the bathroom a look of more space and a clean feeling. For bedrooms, you can use sleep inducing colors, such as light blue.

Sponging is also a great technique you can use in painting to enhance the color scheme. For example, if you used the color blue in a room as a base color, you can consider letting it dry thoroughly and use a lighter shade of blue for the sponging technique. You will see that the effect will be quite attractive. Although sponging can take a long time, the effect it offers is worth the effort.

Another interior wall painting technique is by making your walls look like they are made of suede or plaster. With this technique, you will see that it will make the room stand out. It may seem difficult to do, but it only requires a few easy steps to get the desired effect.

Now that you know how to paint your interior walls and what proper colors to choose, it will definitely make your home stand out from the rest. So, stop living in a dull home by repainting your interior walls to make your home look a lot cozier and more welcoming than before.

Store and Dispose of Paint and Chemicals

Lots of do-it-yourself projects involve different paints and solvents. These can be very dangerous if you don’t know how to store or dispose of them.

1. If you’re going to store a chemical that you know is toxic, keep it in its original container, or a container that is clearly labeled with the product name and a toxic sign. Seal it tightly and keep it out of the reach of curious children and pets.

2. If you’re done with some latex paint, you need to allow it to harden. To speed up the process, pour some kitty litter into it. Once the paint is hardened, you can throw it out in the regular garbage.

3. If you’re using oil based paint, it can never be put with garbage. Regulations governing disposal vary from state to state, so call your local hazardous waste disposal center for advice.

4. Paint thinner doesn’t have to be thrown away, it can be re-used (Make sure you only use paint thinner outside – the fumes are toxic). Put it in a clearly labeled glass or metal container, and seal it tightly. Paint particles will settle out, then you can pour off the clear liquid to be re-used. Just remember, you use paint thinner for oil based paints so don’t throw the paint particles in the garbage.