How to Paint the interior of your house

You can get professional results when painting your own interior walls. Read on for step by step instructions.

Remove all the hardware in the room. Take down all decorations and then scan the walls for any nails or pins, remove these. Take off the electrical outlet covers; you should turn off the circuit breakers before you do this. I soak the covers in a cleaning solution while I am painting to get two jobs done at once.

Wash the walls to remove any dirt and dust. Paint will not stick very well to dust so it is important to have them cleaned. Also vacuum the carpet.

Use painters tape to tape around anything that should not be painted. The tape with sheets of plastic attached is the best because they will completely cover the areas you don’t want to be painted. Put a drop clothe down over the entire carpet especially if you are painting the ceiling.

Fill in any holes in the wall with spackle. Put some spackle on a spackle knife and spread over the hole several times. It will dry to a white chalky color. Sand it so that none of the spackle is sticking out from the wall, but is only filling the hole. You may want to dab on primer using feathery strokes all around the hole.

Caulk any areas that need to be caulked. Keep your finger on the release button so that when you let go the flow will stop. Fill in any area that needs to be caulked and then take a small damp sponge and run it over the area to give it a clean look. You should wait at least twelve hours before you paint over any caulking to allow proper drying time.

It is a good idea to pour your paint into another container. When using a brush you will want to fill a paint pail only about an inch deep, so that it won’t spill. When using the rollers only fill the tray about a third full.

Use a brush to paint next to the floor boards, edges, ceiling and corners. Use a small chiseled brush. With a slow steady hand you should be able to paint these areas without getting paint on your floor boards or ceiling, though it may take some practice.

Now use the roller to get the wall. Don’t put too much paint on it or you will end up with areas of heavy paint deposits. Begin by making an “M” on the wall. Then run back over the same area several times. One roller full of paint should cover about four square feet of space. If you are changing the color of the paint you should give the room two coats for the most professional look. You will also want to do the same thing with the ceiling.

Now paint the floor boards and any trim. You may want to use an edger, which looks something like a big long spackle knife, to protect your newly painted wall.

Paint Textures and Finishes

Walls and ceilings can be textured in two ways; by applying texture directly to the surface before painting or by adding textured material to the paint before applying it. Most commonly, texturing is included in the drywall installation process. However, many new products have been developed for use by painters to create “faux” and other specialty effects.

Conventional walls and ceilings consist of panels of drywall (or “sheetrock) applied to studs, joists, or rafters with drywall nails or screws, or with adhesive. Joints between the panels are covered with a paper or fiberglass tape and coated with several layers of smooth, plaster like joint compound ( mud ).

There are two basic drywall finish styles: smooth and textured. Textured finishes range from light to medium and heavy, with both simple and complex textures. A sprayed drywall texture is the most popular application method today because it uses less labor and is less costly than hand-applied finishes. Fine to coarse grades of texture can be sprayed. The texture is made coarser by adding textured granules “of foam, for instance” to the drywall compound or paint.

If you are matching existing drywall and having it professionally installed, it’s important to let your service professional know the size and texture type so a more accurate estimate can be delivered. There are two types of smooth wall finish: smooth for wallpaper and smooth for paint (which leaves a slight pebble finish). Since wallpaper and many specialty faux finishes must be applied over smooth walls, it is often necessary to apply a “skim coat” or “float” drywall compound to fill in the “bumps” in previously textured walls to smooth them.

Textured finishes can also fall into “faux” finishes. Textured paints containing solid materials like silica can make walls resemble fabrics such as suede, for instance. New synthetic products developed to imitate old fashioned colored or white plasters can be applied smooth or hand-toweled into different patterns and styles. Textured products can create three dimensional effects by applying in layers to walls, fireplaces, ceilings and furniture to look and feel like real stone, crumbling masonry, peeling paint, fossils embedded in wall, etc. Some products and techniques can even be used outdoors.

“Popcorn” acoustic ceiling spray can often be removed and replaced with a new coat of texture to match the walls which is easier to keep clean and repaint. If the acoustic ceiling spray was applied before 1980, however, it should be tested for asbestos. If it contains asbestos, it would be far more economical to cover with a new layer of acoustic spray than to pay for costly asbestos removal.

Painting tips – Cool Tip

If you are using water based paints, on a hot day, spraying walls with water before you paint will cool them down and make the job faster and easier – you can even paint them when they are damp.

Rolling. Dip your roller in the paint tray and then roll it back and forth on the ridged part of the tray. This squeezes out excess paint and evenly spreads the paint all the way around the roller.

When painting, start with diagonal or zigzag strokes to get the paint on the surface.

Paint each surface in blocks of roughly 4 feet by 4 feet. Paint adjacent blocks before each previous block dries. This will blend the edges together and help prevent lap lines. When using glossier paints, paint smaller areas at a time. Glossier paints have a greater tendency to show lap lines.

Brushing tips. When painting molding and woodwork with a brush, you can mask off adjacent areas that you do not want to paint (for instance window panes). Use wide masking tape along the edge you want to maintain.

With a little practice you can learn to “cut” in your paint edge and avoid the hassle of masking things off. With a steady hand, guide the brush along the surface you are painting, allowing a few bristles to overlap the adjacent surface by about 1/16″. Strive for a smooth, even line. Paint with the grain of the wood. Use short strokes to coat the surface with paint, the go back over the area with longer, smoother strokes for an even, finished surface.

Paint a room! The order in which to paint a room is essentially top to bottom. That means start with the ceiling, then do the walls and finally paint all the woodwork. To paint a ceiling, begin by painting the edge of the ceiling along the walls with a brush. Paint out about 2″ to 3″ onto the ceiling. This will provide an area to overlap with the roller.

The easiest way to paint a ceiling is with a roller and an extension handle. This allows you to stand on the floor while you paint. If need be, you can use a stepladder, but it is much slower going and awkward. Start in the corner of the room and work your way across the narrowest dimension of the room with a band about 4 feet wide. Continue back and forth across the room until you are finished.

When the ceiling is dry, you can start painting the walls. Start by using a brush to paint corners, ceiling lines and areas adjacent to woodwork. Paint one entire wall or area at a time.

Use the roller and work your way across the room, from the ceiling down to the baseboards.

Use the roller and work your way across the room, from the ceiling down to the baseboards.

When the walls are dry, you can start to paint the woodwork. This will probably be the most time consuming part of the project and requires a fair amount of patience. Use a good sash brush. They are worth the extra cost. Paint with the grain of the wood. When painting windows, paint the sashes first. Then work your way down the window casing to the sill. Don’t paint moving parts, like sash cords and pulleys, or the sash channels.

On raised panel doors, paint the panels first. Then work your way from the top to the bottom of the door.

If you desire, flat panel doors can be painted with a roller for quick application.

Paint Disposal

If you´re like most people, you´ve probably got a can or two of old paint sitting around in the garage. Paint doesn´t last forever, so what do you do when you want to get rid of the old stuff? Most garbage services won´t pick up sealed paint cans because they could rupture and drip all over the neighborhood. Here´s a great solution:

If you´ve just got a little paint left, just leave the can open until the paint hardens. For more paint, pour it onto a big piece of cardboard and leave it outside until the solvents evaporate, then just throw the whole thing away. Of course, if you´ve got kids or pets, put your cardboard in a safe place, where they can´t get to it.

How to Paint a Room

Step by Step Guide To Paint a Room:

Step 1

Stir paint before using. If paint is old, have a local retailer check that it is still usable and spin the container. Pour paint into a coffee can for trim work and cutting in, or a roller tray for ceilings and walls. Paint ceiling, walls, and then trim. As you work, tape off areas with painting tape. Buy a spout for the paint can; it will keep the rim neat.

Step 2

Use top-quality nylon/polyester filament brushes for latex; natural China bristle for oil paint. A 1-in. Or 2 1/2-in. angular sash brush is good for details and cutting in; a 2 1/2-in. straight brush, for wide trim. Buy quality rollers—short nap for smooth surfaces and minimum 1/2–1in. nap for textured walls. Tape off the ceiling, then cut in all around it. Paint ceiling with a roller, using a sturdy extension handle.

Step 3

Let the ceiling paint dry thoroughly; then prepare to paint the walls. Choose a wall to begin with and cut in on this wall only. First cut in around the ceiling, floor, doorways, windows, and trim. A wheeled paint pad is easy to use, requires no taping, and better matches a roller’s texture. Still, a sash brush may be needed in places. If working alone, cut in edges for only as large an area as you can go over before cut-in area dries.

Step 4

Immediately after cutting in, roll that area with paint. Apply paint in an pattern to the upper part of the wall and roll it out. Repeat for the lower part, blending areas to avoid lap marks. Be sure to work with wet edges to avoid a “bordered” look. Depending on the color and type of paint, you may need one or two coats. Tinting the primer to half the formula of the finish paint can reduce the number of required coats.

Step 5

Finally, paint the trim. Tape it off or use a broad knife, paint shield, or other straightedge to keep edges neat. Clean applicators when they become overfull or messy and after use. Options for cleaning include rinsing, running the roller over a plastic roller scraper, or spinning with a painting-tool spinner held over a lined garbage can.

Paint Tip:

Paint Clean-up With Baby Wipes

Keep a box of baby wipes near whenever you paint. Wipes will not only remove spills from baseboards and wallpaper, but will also remove most dried paint (even from your own polished nails the next day!)

Interior wood finishing

Step 1 Wood Preparation:

First thing to do is to survey of all the surfaces. After doing this, you will be able to determine what you will need.
Surface marks
All the marks will have to be sanded off. Use 80 grit sandpaper. You will need to feather you’re sanding around the mark somewhat because if you sand in one spot, there will be a lighter difference on that spot Use 100 – 120 grit sandpaper.
Rough Areas
To describe rough, I refer to where a router or saw have not completely removed the wood it was suppose to remove. Also where the pieces meet or connect together such as corners and other joints.

Step 2 Staining:

There are several methods to applying stain. I usually just brush stain. I am not saying that it is the best way to do it, but that is the way I do it. I prefer to stain before the wood is installed. This makes the process of staining much faster. To do this type of application, layout the wood across two saw horses with a drop sheet below to keep the mess to a minimum. Next mix the stain thoroughly from bottom to top. Proceed by dipping the brush into the stain about one inch up the bristols. Wipe the brush off as you pull the can out of the stain. This should leave enough stain in the brush to start. Place the brush about five inches away from the end of the piece of wood and drag it toward the opposite end. When the brush begins to show signs of being almost empty stop and drag the brush back past where you started at. Right past the end. Again reload the brush and start about five inches from where you had to turn back the previous stroke. Repeat until the piece is completed. Once the piece is completed, run the brush one end to the other without stopping. Complete the rest of the wood following these steps. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

Step 3 Sealing:

Wait for about eight hours after staining the wood. The wood is dry to touch in order to handle it. Follow the same pattern of applying the stain when you apply the sealer but remember to ensure that the cover is even. This is accomplished by repeated hand motion back and forth. Just like staining, once the piece is completed, run the brush one end to the other without stopping. Complete the rest of the wood following these steps. Well, you have to wait two – four hours to make sure the sealer is dry. Sand all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use. Install Wood with one coat of stain and one coat of sealer if possible.

Step 4 Wood Preparation:

First thing you can do after the wood has been installed is be sure to inset all the nails with a nail punch. The nails should be inset by about 1/16 – 1/8 of an inch. Start to fill the nail holes with color matched putty. The putty can also be used to fill small joints that are not more the 1/16 of an inch in width. Joints that are larger will need to be prefilled with wood cement or wood filler. Sand all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. After all this has been completed, you can wipe each piece to remove any excess putty and dust with varsol or mineral spirits.

Step 5 First Finish Coat:

Apply the coat of your choice of finish whether it is latex / varethane / urethane. Be sure to spread the finish out as much as you can by striking back and forth. After three or four feet, drag your brush back over quickly where you had just finished to have a continuous follow through stroke. Nothing looks worse then a lot of brush marks. Let dry. Different products take shorter or longer periods of time to dry. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

Step 6 Wood Preparation:

Now just a light sanding with 120 grit or finer. You just want to take off any roughness of the finish. You do not want to remove the finish! Wipe clean varsol or mineral spirits to remove the dust.

Step 7 Second Finish Coat:

Apply the second coat the same as the first coat. And you are finished. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

How to Paint the Exterior of a House

This may be the most important painting (and preparation) you do. Paint and preparation vary with the type of surface: wood, stucco, metal, masonry. Check with your paint store.

1. Repair or replace any damaged surfaces, whether wood, stucco, masonry or metal.

2. Wash off all surfaces. Use a high-pressure water sprayer (available to rent) to reduce labor. Make sure that surfaces dry thoroughly.

3. Use sandpaper or a paint scraper to remove any loose, cracked, chipping or blistered paint — down to raw surfaces if necessary. Use a small drop cloth as you go to catch loose bits of paint and debris. If you decide the exterior needs to be sandblasted, hire a licensed professional.

4. Patch all nail or screw holes, gouges and cracks.

5. Caulk such places as seams and corners, above door and window trim, and where trim meets siding – or where any material meets a different kind of material, such as trim over masonry. (Exception: Don’t use caulk where siding or shingles overlap or between shingles.) Use high-grade exterior caulk. Better caulks (such as silicone) actually bond to surfaces like glue and resist breaking down.

6. Use epoxy filler (the material used for car bodies) to repair serious problems in woodwork.

7. Cover dark stains – a wood knot, old paint, wood stain – with a stain-blocking primer. The same goes for mildewed areas; you can find primers and additives made especially for mildew.

8. Sand all rough or glossy surfaces; paint needs a slightly roughened surface to stick to. You can also use paint deglosser on all glossy surfaces. Remove sanding dust and debris.

9. Remove or cover all light fixtures, plumbing outlets, electrical covers and house numbers.

10. Remove all screens. You don’t want to get paint on them; it’s difficult (or impossible) to remove.

11. Use drop cloths to cover everything you don’t want to paint, such as plants, walkways, cars and your neighbors’ property.

12. Apply primer over all raw surfaces. Note that different surfaces – paint, metal, wood, stucco – require different primers.

13. Allow the primer to dry, then apply at least two coats of exterior paint. Let each coat dry between applications according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use a brush on all woodwork and a paint roller or spray machine for everything else.

How To Applying Primer onto a Window

Window Frame

Using a stir stick, thoroughly stir the primer.

Load a 2-3″ wide brush by dipping 1/3 of the bristle length into the primer.

Remove excess primer from the brush by tapping the bristles against the inside of the bucket.

Starting at the top of the window frame, brush primer onto the inside frame area.

Reload the brush as necessary to maintain a wet edge, approximately every 4-6″.

Continue applying the primer until the inside frame is complete.

Using a water-dampened rag, wipe any excess primer that may have overlapped onto the outside trim.

Allow to dry.

Window Sash

Raise the inside sash and lower the outside sash.

Brush the primer onto the outside sash, beginning with the crossbar.

Brush the primer onto the inside sash, beginning with the crossbar.

Move the sashes back approximately 1″ from their closed positions.

Brush primer onto all areas of the sashes that were obstructed.

Brush primer onto the window casing and sills.

Allow to dry.

Window Trim

Starting at the top section of the window trim, prime the edge where the wall and the window trim meet.

Reload the brush as necessary to maintain a wet edge, approximately every 4-6″.

Brush the primer onto the face of the window trim, starting at the top of the window.

When one side has been completed, continue priming the remaining window trim following the same steps.

Allow to dry.

How To Applying Primer onto a Flat Door

Door (Brush – Cutting In)a

Using a stir stick, thoroughly stir the primer.

Load a 2-3″ wide brush by dipping 1/3 of the bristle length into the primer.

Remove excess primer from the brush by tapping the bristles against the inside of the bucket.

Using a brush, cut in around any hinges or other hardware on the flat area (face) and edges of the door.

Door (Rolling)

Pour the primer into a paint tray or a 5-gallon bucket.

Place appropriate nap roller onto a roller frame.

Dip roller cover completely into primer covering the entire nap area.

Remove excess primer from the roller cover by rolling onto the ribbed section of the paint tray or bucket grid.

Roll the inside and outside edges of the door.

Place the loaded roller cover onto the middle of the door and roll from edge to edge, top to bottom.

Reload as necessary.

Continue until the door is completely covered.

Door Frame

Starting at the top of the doorframe, working from the inside out, brush the primer onto the inside frame area.

Re-load the brush as necessary to maintain a wet edge, approximately every 4-6″.

Using a water-dampened rag, wipe any excess primer that may have overlapped onto the outside trim.

Continue applying the primer until the doorframe is complete.

Door Trim

Starting at the top section of the door trim, prime the edge where the wall and the door trim meet.

Reload the brush as necessary to maintain a wet edge, approximately every 4-6″.

Brush the primer onto face of the door trim, starting at the top.

Continue applying the primer until the trim is complete.

Exterior Repainting – How to Paint Exterior Masonry Walls

Painting your exterior masonry walls is a decision that should be made for the purpose of aesthetic reasons and equally to consider the need for a moisture sealing agent. While wanting things to be pleasing to the eye, preservation of your masonry surfaces must be taken into consideration when choosing an application or finish. Once a choice has been made regarding what look you wish to achieve for your exterior masonry walls, you may purchase your painting products to complete the job.

What You Should Know Before Painting Masonry Work

Before you apply any products to a newly built masonry wall, you must allow six to eight weeks for the purpose of curing any mortar or concrete. Curing is the process of drying and hardening of masonry structures to obtain optimal weight distribution. Hardening of concrete type masonry work is part of the process to create a strong and well balanced structure. Adding rebar to the center of concrete structures gives it even more sustainability. Any attempt to apply products prematurely to masonry surfaces before it has cured out completely, will lock in any unreleased moisture. Making this mistake can be a costly one because it is very likely structural damage and breakdown will occur. Another threat when sealing moisture into a surface, is the possibility of black mold becoming trapped inside masonry work This will cause a continual growth of this mold in and around mortar lines, This problem is very difficult to remedy.

Product Information and Overview

If your masonry work contain porous surfaces, you may wish to reduce its textured surface.. To create a smoother surface, using block filler. Block filler is a high performance product containing vinyl, acrylic, and, latex. It is, by far, the best solution for filling in small cracks and porous surfaces. This products intended use began some years back primarily used as a filler for cinder block. This is the reasoning for its name. Since then, block filler has broadened its horizons to include most masonry surfaces such as concrete and brick. The consistency and appearance of block filler is comparative to Elmers glue. Do not worry about difficulty in applying this product because it can be diluted with water at a ratio of ½ pt. for each gal..of block filler.

Application of Block Filler

Block filler can be applied using many different methods. Spraying block filler with an airless paint sprayer is only one method of applying it. It must be diluted following the ratio of ½ pt. to 1 gal. of block filler. This product may also be applied with a paint roller using a heavy nap roller sleeve. (1 in. to 1 ½ in. thickness) The term sleeve refers to the woolly tube that is slid over the roller frame, used to apply block filler or paint to a wall. The other way you may apply block filler to a surface is by using a paintbrush. If you find it difficult to spread and cut in, diluting it at the same ratio as above will make for an easier application. No matter which application method you choose to use, after completion you must give it a dry time of at least overnight. Once your block filler has dried completely, you may begin painting your exterior masonry walls.

Painting exterior masonry walls can be a tedious job to do. With some knowledge of products to use and tips on how to apply them should greatly decrease your stress level if you must tackle painting them.

Paint Products for Masonry Walls.

Paint products used, following the application of block filler includes latex and acrylics. Even solvent based paint products may be applied to block fillers. To further increase performance of block fillers different types of epoxies may be added directly into the block filler. Times that the need for hardening agents, such as epoxy is needed, is when the masonry structure to be sealed is exposed to continual and copious amounts of moisture.

Application Methods of Paint to Masonry Walls

Using an airless paint sprayer is an acceptable method of applying paint to masonry walls. If block filler has been applied prior to spraying the walls, just simply applying two good coats of paint will provide sufficient coverage. If a block filler has not been applied to the masonry walls then, throughout spraying the paint onto the surface, it must be brushed in, not to wait until the paint has dried. You must brush it into the surface while the paint is at its wettest so it will seep as deeply as possible into the pores of the masonry work. Coverage of paint to masonry surfaces not containing block filler is a much slower process of application. Many times it require several coats of paint to adequately cover its surface. Using a paint roller to apply paint to raw masonry surfaces usually has greater success in coverage using fewer coats to do it in. As indicated above, brushing paint on a masonry wall has a level of difficulty when trying to cut in because you need to load your paintbrush extremely full of paint in order for it to seep into its pores. This can be a messy venture. Nevertheless, it is still a way of applying paint to your exterior masonry walls.

Clean Up

Cleaning up block filler is done best with warm soapy water, but just water alone will work. You can use water to clean up latex and acrylic paint also. To clean up alkyd paint products (also known as oil based products) solvent clean up is necessary. Using mineral spirits or lacquer thinner is necessary for the clean up of any alkyd or oil based product.

Painting exterior masonry walls is much easier if a block filler has been applied prior to painting. Although it is not necessary, but it is advisable. Aside from making the surface easier to paint still is not the most important factor of using block filler. The main purpose of using block filler is to create a moisture barrier for your masonry structures. When painting masonry surfaces, applying block filler is a very important step and should always be included in the process.

Exterior Painting Pointers – What to Consider When Choosing House Paint Color

Choosing one’s house paint color appears to be an easy and exciting thing to do. However, when the actual purchasing is already on hand, homeowners become stumped and suddenly find it hard to come up with the ultimate decision.

Definitely, the paint color of a house speaks of the owner’s personality. The house paint color often stays for years, thus it is important to make the right pick so that living inside it would prove to be worth the investment.

Here are some suggestions that might help you in arriving at your envisioned house paint color.

Budget Planning

Before leaping into the house paint shopping frenzy, talk to an experienced person and ask for a list of things to purchase. Canvass the prices of these items so that you can compute how much you need to allocate for the painting materials.

Negotiate with Suppliers

There are suppliers who provide payment schemes or offer discounts for bulk purchasing. Some also provide house paint color advice depending on the owner’s needs. Do not hesitate to approach the suppliers; they would be more than happy to serve you.

Color Psychology

Psychologists say that colors generate emotional responses and depict one’s personality make-up. Gray means neutrality, blue speaks of calmness and green is reflective of the need for high self-esteem. Red goes for the vital and active person, yellow connotes happiness and cheerfulness, and violet conveys the wish to charm others. Brown, on the other hand, symbolizes roots and family security, while black expresses nothingness but highlights the attributes of the color around it.

Color Mixes and Matches

The personality color enhances the inner strength and rejuvenates a person. Make sure that you combine your favorite colors with shades that you intuitively know will bring you comfort and maintain your balance. Suppliers and other resource persons can provide you with the appropriate mixes and matches and can even create the tints of your fancy other than the ready-made swatches.

Choose Environment-friendly Products

Check also for environment-friendly paint products so that you do your share of preserving our Mother Nature. There are paint products that are odorless which minimizes health risks.

Consult other House Members

Decision-making should be done with the consensus of the majority. This may be a hassle for some but listening to the general opinion of your family members makes the choosing of house paint color much more fun. If you are living alone, consult friends’ counsels but in the end, the buck still stops with you.

Talk to a Professional

If you are loaded and can easily afford a house decorator or interior designer, explore current trends and house paint color themes that coordinate with the architectural design of the house. Better yet, explain to the professional the look that you want and they can work out the details conveniently for you.

When everything has been prepared and organized, go ahead and make the deal. Bear in mind that your house paint color reinforces your style and becomes the beautiful wrapper that covers the real surprise gift inside.