HOW TO PAINT A CEILING | USING MASKING TAPE

HOW TO PAINT A CEILING

You can paint a ceiling working from a stepladder or a work platform (make sure yours is stable) or from the floor using a roller or paint pad with a handle extension. If you are standing on a platform, leave at least 3 in (7.5 cm) above your head, Divide the ceiling into sections of about 1-1/2ft (30-45 cm) wide and work each section away from the main light source.

A ROLLER WITH AN EXTENSION

USING MASKING TAPE

If you intend to divide an area horizontally into two colors or to paint around an object such as a switchplate, it is helpful to stick down low-tack masking tape to create a straight line between the different color divisions. You can use tape along the edge of the floor to keep it free of paint when you decorate the baseboards. Also use masking tape to attach stencils to a wall.


1. Mark the line between the two colors with a soft pencil and a ruler. Check the alignment of the horizontal line with a level and the vertical line with a level or plumb line.


2. Stick down the masking tape along the line, making sure that the pencil line is still visible. If your dividing line is vertical, stick the masking tape along the far edge of the line.


3. Apply paint from the middle of the masking tape downward with a small decorating brush. Once you have covered the immediate area, paint the rest of the surface with a large brush.


4. When you have finished painting the wall and the paint is completely dry, you can pull off the tape. The use of low tack masking tape keeps the paint from being peeled off at the same time.

Furniture Finish Damaged

Problem: Furniture has been blemished with water spots or rings, burn marks from cigarettes, or minor scratches.

Background: Almost any furniture that is used regularly suffers an occasional nick, scratch, burn, or water spot. Though a number of commercial products are available to correct minor defects, furniture-finish ex pert Homer Formby suggests many alternative home remedies, many which use products you probably al ready have in the house.

What to do: To treat water spots and rings caused by moisture trapped underneath wax, try applying tooth paste. Squeeze it onto a wet cotton rag and buff the spotted area. For stubborn areas, combine toothpaste in equal parts with baking soda, an other gentle abrasive. Buff until the spot disappears. Then with a clean cloth continue buffing until you can see yourself. For burn marks, such as those caused by cigarettes, try using nail polish remover. Dip a cotton swab into the remover and rub it lightly across the burn mark. This dissolves the black residue. If any burn mark remains, scrape it gently with a small knife. If a slight hollow remains, mix equal parts remover with clear nail polish and apply 1 coat at a time with the nail polish brush. Let each coat dry between applications (it might take up to 8 coats or so).

Special advice: For minor scratches or other mars on furniture, try using a color crayon which matches the finish. Melt the crayon over the scratch until it flows over the mar, let it cure for half an hour, then gently shave off the residue with a credit card. You can melt the crayon with a soldering iron. Or if you don’t have a soldering iron, tie a nail to a pencil, heat it over a flame, then put the nail to the crayon.

Helpful hint: To mask the musty odor in antique furniture, you can use red cedar shavings (not western cedar). Put the shavings in the toe of an old pair of nylons, tie the end, and cut off the excess. Then tack the sack along the back of the drawer or, if there are no drawers, on the back of the furniture or underneath it.

Furnace Makes Noises

Problem: Furnace makes unfamiliar noises when operating.

Background: Sometimes homeowners think their forced-air furnaces need to be replaced because they make strange noises. But the cause may be a simple mechanical problem with the motor or fan within the blower system. Sometimes making simple adjustments and / or replacing a part will solve a strange noise problem.

What to do: Turn off the power to the furnace, remove access panels, and make a careful examination of the blower area. Check to make sure that the drive belt between the motor and the blower has proper tension, is in alignment, and is not cracked.
Also check the pulley on the motor, making sure that it is not loose on the shaft, has worn grooves, or is dirty. If loose, retighten any set screws. If worn or dirty, remove the belt, clean the pulley, and sand down its interior sides. Also check the pulley on the blower fan. Spin the blower to check for sound which may be caused by something inside. If the fan is rubbing against the housing, it needs to be adjusted and your best bet is to call a technician. Push and pull on blower pulley to check for end-play. If excessive, shaft collars need to be adjusted.

Special advice: A blower that needs oil may also make noises. Follow owner manual instructions to oil. Sometimes oil-less bearings wear out and need replacement. To see if the motor is making the noise, re move the belt and run the motor; the motor may simply need oiling, but motor bearings may still make noise.
If so, decide if you can live with the noise or if you want to replace the motor. A dirty furnace filter can also cause noise; clean the filter as recommended.

Helpful hint: If the burner of a gas furnace makes an unusual noise, the gas input amount may not be correct, or it may be getting too much primary air. In either case, contact a service technician. Also, contact a technician immediately if the walls or windows in your home sweat excessively. The furnace may not be getting enough ventilation or the flue pipe may be blocked.

Fuel Supply Is Cut Off

Problem: Home’s fuel supply is cut oft or diminished.

Background: Power outages, as well as fuel outages, can immobilize the heating and cooking systems in the home. If electricity is off. If you suspect the gas supply has been cut off, first check the pilot lights and other gas appliances to see if they are working. If they are not, contact the utility company. If you suspect a gas leak problem, follow emergency procedures and don’t use matches, electrical appliances, light switches, a flashlight, or smoke cigarettes. If oil heating system doesn’t work, check to see if there is fuel in the tank and whether the furnace blower is get ting power. In all cases, contact your utility or service technician if you suspect other problems with furnaces.

What to do: Until heating systems are restored to operation, you can supplement home heating with a fireplace or with propane or kerosene heaters. However, use extreme caution with auxiliary heaters. They need good ventilation. Such heaters will not provide safe heat for an en tire house, but they can help keep the indoor temperature above the freezing point. If you use camp- stoves or canned-heat products for cooking during an emergency, you must also ventilate your home care fully. Never use a hibachi or char coal-burning grills indoors. They produce carbon monoxide and other dangerous fumes.

Special advice: If a power outage during freezing weather cuts off heat, water pipes can freeze and later burst. If heat is off for a few hours, accessible pipes can be wrapped with newspaper or other material. In extremely cold weather, leave faucets slightly open and shut off water valve on toilet and flush until bowl and tank are empty. If heat is off longer than a couple of days, turn off main valve or water pump, water heater and/or water heating furnace. Save some water for emergency use, then open all faucets and drain the water heater and all pipes by opening the drain valves. If pipes freeze, shut off main water supply, open faucets fully and remove any pipe wrappings.

Helpful hint: Follow the manufacturer’s owner manuals, or call your gas company, for instructions on how to shut off gas appliances in an emergency, and how to relight pilot lights. If a pilot light won’t light or if you smell gas, call your gas company or a service technician. If only the furnace is not working, never use a gas kitchen range as a space heater. This can damage the range and produce dangerous carbon monoxide gas.

Barbecues – Household Solutions

Household solution simple and effective products is fun and economical. We think you will be happily surprised with the results.

Barbecues > Cooking

Forster Toothpicks. Identify rare, medium, and well-done steaks on your barbecue grill by using colored Forster Tooth picks to mark steaks on the barbecue.

Maxwell House Coffee. A clean, empty Maxwell House Coffee can doubles as an excellent disposable pot to be used on the grill to cook bratwursts in beer.

Morton Salt. After barbecuing, sprinkle Morton Salt over the smoldering charcoal to prevent the embers from flaring up into a roaring fire again.

Barbecues > Grill

Arm & Hammer Baking Soda. To clean a barbecue grill, make a paste by mixing equal parts Arm & Hammer Baking Soda and water, apply with a wire brush, wipe clean, and dry with a cloth.

Cascade, Glad Trash Bags, and Parsons’ Ammonia. To clean caked-on grease from an outdoor barbecue grill, place the grill in a Glad Trash Bag and add one cup Parsons’ ammonia, one cup Cascade dishwasher detergent, and two gallons hot water. Secure the bag closed. (The fumes from the ammonia help weaken the bond of the baked-on food and grease.) Let sit for forty-five minutes, then hose down the grill and wipe clean.

Dawn Dishwashing Liquid and Glad Trash Bags. Mix up a solution of one-half cup Dawn Dishwashing Liquid and one gallon water. Place the grease-coated barbecue grill inside a Glad Trash Bag, pour the soapy solution over the rack inside the bag, seal the bag shut, and let sit overnight. The following day, scrub the rack with a wire brush and rinse clean.

Easy-Off Oven Cleaner and Glad Trash Bags. Place the grill in a Glad Trash Bag. Wearing protective eyewear and rubber gloves, spray the racks thoroughly with Easy-Off Oven Cleaner, close the bag, and secure with a twist tie. Let set for four hours in the sun. Rinse well with a garden hose.

Glad Trash Bags. When your outdoor barbecue grill cools down, cover it with a Glad Trash Bag to protect it from the elements.

Pam Cooking Spray. To make cleaning a barbecue grill easy, coat the grill with Pam Cooking Spray before barbecuing. After cooking, when the grill is cool to the touch, scrub the grill with a wire brush. The cooking oil enables baked-on food to slide off much easier.

Reynolds Wrap. To make cleaning baked-on food from a barbecue grill easier, place a sheet of Reynolds Wrap on the hot grill immediately after you finish barbecuing and close the lid. The next time you use the barbecue, peel off the foil, crumple it into a ball, and scrub the grill clean, easily removing all the burned-on food.

WD-40. To clean baked-on food from a barbecue grill, remove the grill from the barbecue, spray with WD-40, let set for five minutes, then wipe clean. Then wash thoroughly with soap and water.

Windex. To clean baked-on food from a barbecue grill, spray with Windex while the grill is still warm, then scrub with a wire brush. Let cool, then rinse well with water.

Barbecues > Igniting

Conair Pro Styler 1600. After lighting a charcoal fire in a barbecue grill, carefully use a Conair Pro Styler 1600 hair dryer set on cool to fan the flames until the charcoal briquettes catch fire.

Maxwell House Coffee. Using a can opener, remove the top and bottom of an empty Maxwell House Coffee can. Use tin snips to cut a few tabs around the bottom rim of the coffee can. Stand the can in the center of your barbecue grill, place one sheet of crumpled newspaper inside, fill the rest of the can with charcoal briquettes, add lighter fluid, and light the news paper through the punched holes. When the coals glow orange, remove the hot can with tongs and set in a safe place to let the can cool.

Tidy Cats. Prevent grease fires in barbecue grills by covering the bottom of the grill with a one-inch layer of unused Tidy Cats cat box filler.

Vaseline Petroleum Jelly. Apply a thick coat of Vaseline Petroleum Jelly to a cotton ball to start a fire in a barbecue. The cotton ball will burn for a long time.

WD-40. WD-40 works as a substitute for charcoal lighter fluid. As with lighter fluid, be sure to let the charcoal fire burn off the WD-40 before cooking food on the grill.

Barbecues > Insects

Aunt Jemima Original Syrup. Lure insects away from a barbecue by coating a few small pieces of cardboard with Aunt Jemima Original Syrup and placing them around the perimeter of the yard. Wasps and bees will be attracted to the home made flypaper instead of your guests.

Budweiser. To attract bees and wasps away from a barbecue and your guests, place open cans of Budweiser beer around the perimeter of the yard. Bees and wasps love beer. They fly into a can of beer, get drunk, and drown—which, if you’re a bee or wasp, probably isn’t a bad way to go.

Heinz Apple Cider Vinegar. To keep bees and wasps away from your barbecue, fill a large bowl with Heinz Apple Cider Vinegar and set near the table of food. By the end of the barbecue, you’ll have a bowl full of floating flies, mosquitoes, and moths.

Barbecues > Pots and Pans

Ivory Soap. To prevent barbecue soot from sticking to the bottorn of pots and pans, rub the bottoms of pots and pans with a bar of Ivory Soap before putting them over an open fire.

Reynolds Wrap. A crumpled-up piece of Reynolds Wrap makes an excellent pot scrubber to clean pots and pans used over a barbecue grill.

Exterior Frosting Exterior Paint Solution

Frosting: A white, salt-like substance on the paint surface. Frosting can occur on any paint color, but it is less noticeable on white paint or light tints. On masonry, it can be mistaken for efflorescence see Efflorescence and Mottling.

Possible Causes:

Forms mostly in protected areas (such as under eaves and on open porch ceilings) that do not receive the cleansing action of rain, dew and other moisture.

Use of dark-colored paints that have been formulated with calcium carbonate extender.

Application of a dark-colored paint over a paint or primer containing calcium carbonate extender.

Solution:

Frosting can be a stubborn problem. It often cannot be washed off readily. Moreover, the condition can recur even as a bleed-through when a new top coat is applied. In extreme cases, it can interfere with adhesion. The best remedy is to remove the frosting by wirebrushing masonry or sanding wood surfaces; rinse, then apply an alkyd-based primer before adding a coat of high quality exterior paint.


Exterior Painting – Frequently asked questions

Can I paint over aluminum/vinyl siding?
Yes. Always make sure the surface is cleaned to remove any chalk or dirt. Never apply paint that is darker than the original painted surface on vinyl siding.

Do I need to wash my house before I paint?
Yes. Surfaces must be clean before painting. Thoroughly wash with a house cleaner and water solution, making sure to remove any and all mildew. Rinse and allow to dry.

How much paint do I need?
Be sure to utilize our Paint Gallon Calculator in the Project Planner section to help you determine how many cans to buy for your next project.

To achieve one-coat coverage, paint should be applied at a maximum of 400 square feet per gallon. Rough or textured surfaces may require more paint. On these areas allow for 25-30 square feet per gallon. Some bright colors may require multiple costs to achieve sufficient hide.

How do I apply the paint?
When using more than one gallon of the same product, mix the gallons together to insure color and sheen uniformity. Two coats of this paint will provide maximum protection.

How do I paint shingles & shakes?
Shingles offer natural breaking points, paint in a vertical direction.

How do I care for freshly painted surfaces?
We suggest not washing your newly painted surface for at least 30 days. After that time, dirt and stains may be removed using a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and water.

I have never painted the exterior of my home before….?
When painting the exterior of your home always start with a clean surface; paint one side of the house at a time, starting with the highest point; apply a full even coat to one side of the house at a time and always paint the trim last.

What conditions are best for painting my house?
Generally you should only paint when the surface is between 50F and 85F. High temperatures cause the water in the paint to evaporate too quickly, while low temperatures prevent latex from covering properly. Always avoid painting in direct sunlight, strong winds, or when rain is expected within 8 hours.

What tools do I need?
Depending on your project and the type of structure you are painting, paints may be applied with a nylon/polyester brush, a paint pad or spray unit.

What is the proper way to use spray equipment?
It is always safe to operate spray equipment with safety cautions. Use respiratory and eye protection. All spray units are different and it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

Fresh Paint Smell – Paint Tips

Eliminate paint odor by adding two teaspoons of vanilla to a quart of paint.


Handy Person Tips

1. To avoid cleaning paint brushes and rollers if you intend to use the same color later, or if you do not have time to clean immediately, place the brushes and rollers in a plastic bag, tie shut and place in the freezer. They will keep for several days without drying up.
2. Protect hands from paint solvent by putting the brush and solvent into a strong plastic bag. With hands outside the bag, work the solvent into the brush through the plastic.
3. After cleaning your paint brush, a few drops of oil worked into the bristles will leave the brush soft and ready to use.
4. To clean paint rollers, fill an empty one-quart milk carton with solvent, put the roller inside and crimp the ends shut. Give the carton a few shakes, then let sit for a couple of hours.
5. Simmer hardened paint brushes in full-strength vinegar. Re move the softened paint with a wire comb or brush.
6. To remove oil or enamel paint from your hands, rub on paste floor wax and then wash with plenty of soap and warm water. There is no odor and it’s easier on the skin than paint remover.
7. In time, a partly used can of paint will develop a skin on top. To prevent this, cut wax paper the size of the can and drop it in.
8. To save partial cans of leftover paint, fill the airspace with a lightly inflated balloon before pressing on the lid.
9. A coat of penetrating stain applied to a smooth wood surface may last only three or four years, but a second application after the wood has weathered will last as long as 10.
10. To give bathroom fixtures a new look, paint with an epoxy paint, sold especially for that purpose.
11. Never stir varnish. It has no color pigments which need blending and stirring will create air bubbles which can ruin a smooth finish.
12. To frost a bathroom or garage window, make a solution of one cup of beer to four tbsp. Epsom salts and paint on the window. It washes off when you want a clear pane again.
13. If you have a small hole in your wall (after moving pictures etc.) take a wax crayon as near the color of your wall as possible. Rub the hole with the crayon, polish with a dry cloth and the hole is invisible.
14. Clean out old nail polish bottles and fill with ‘touch-up’ paint for scuffs and scratches that may occur on your walls.
15. When hanging pictures on plaster walls, put a small piece of adhesive tape where the nail is to go in. Drive the nail through the tape. This helps prevent the plaster from cracking.
16. When drilling a hole in any kind of wall, take an envelope, crease the edges to hold it open, then fasten it to the wall just under where you are drilling. It keeps a great deal of mess from hitting the floor and makes clean-up easier.
17. After wallpaper or painting, write the amount under a light-switch plate and you’ll always know how much wallpaper or paint you need for that room.

Exterior Wood Finishing ( Staining )

Step 1 Surface Preparation

First, you want to sweep all the wood to remove dirt, dust, and cobwebs. The next thing is to check the wood for water discolourization spots. If there are any, you will have to mix 50% javex and 50% water together. This mixer can still hurt your hands and eyes so make sure you use gloves and safety goggles. IF you find any rough areas, sand smooth and brush clean.

Step 2 First Coat

For the first coat of stain, you want to put lost of stain on, you always start at one end of the piece and work toward the other end. Do two pieces at a time then if you can switch to three pieces. Whatever you are comfortable with. Do not stop halfway
down a piece then stop. This will make a lap mark when you return to finish the piece. Always finish what you start.

Step 3 Second Coat

Follow a similar pattern of the first coat. Remember once you start, don’t stop until the pieces are completed.


COLOR Frequently asked questions

How do colors effect room size?

Generally, warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are always a good choice for making a room look larger.

My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors….?

This depends on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.

Should trim work be painted the same color as the walls…?

Use the same color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to bring out the trim work and add highlights.

Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the wall?

Larger surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule, always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and lighting.

What is the best way to decide which color is best for my room?

Take color chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and at night so you will see how lighting will effect your color choices.

What color should I paint my ceiling?

White or off-white colors will create the illusion of having a higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling. Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.

Will the paint actually match the color chip?

As a general rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter than when applied in a room. Always take into account the sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other colors that are in the room.

Exterior Surfactant Leaching Exterior Paint Solution

Surfactant Leaching: Concentration of water-soluble ingredients on latex paint, creating a blotchy, sometimes glossy appearance, often with a tan or brownish cast. More likely with tinted paints than with white or factory-coloured paints.

Possible Causes:

Painting in cool, humid conditions or just before they occur. The longer drying time allows the paint’s water-soluble ingredients — which would normally evaporate, or be leached out by rain or dew — to rise to the surface before paint thoroughly dries.

Mist, dew or other moisture drying on the painted surface shortly after it has dried.

Solution:

Avoid painting in the late afternoon if cool, damp conditions are expected in the evening or overnight. If the problem occurs in the first day or so after the paint is applied, the water-soluble material can sometimes be rinsed off rather easily. Fortunately, even more stubborn cases will generally weather off in a month or so. Surfactant leaching should not affect the ultimate durability of the coating.


Exterior Painting – Frequently asked questions

Can I paint over aluminum/vinyl siding?
Yes. Always make sure the surface is cleaned to remove any chalk or dirt. Never apply paint that is darker than the original painted surface on vinyl siding.

Do I need to wash my house before I paint?
Yes. Surfaces must be clean before painting. Thoroughly wash with a house cleaner and water solution, making sure to remove any and all mildew. Rinse and allow to dry.

How much paint do I need?
Be sure to utilize our Paint Gallon Calculator in the Project Planner section to help you determine how many cans to buy for your next project.

To achieve one-coat coverage, paint should be applied at a maximum of 400 square feet per gallon. Rough or textured surfaces may require more paint. On these areas allow for 25-30 square feet per gallon. Some bright colors may require multiple costs to achieve sufficient hide.

How do I apply the paint?
When using more than one gallon of the same product, mix the gallons together to insure color and sheen uniformity. Two coats of this paint will provide maximum protection.

How do I paint shingles & shakes?
Shingles offer natural breaking points, paint in a vertical direction.

How do I care for freshly painted surfaces?
We suggest not washing your newly painted surface for at least 30 days. After that time, dirt and stains may be removed using a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and water.

I have never painted the exterior of my home before….?
When painting the exterior of your home always start with a clean surface; paint one side of the house at a time, starting with the highest point; apply a full even coat to one side of the house at a time and always paint the trim last.

What conditions are best for painting my house?
Generally you should only paint when the surface is between 50F and 85F. High temperatures cause the water in the paint to evaporate too quickly, while low temperatures prevent latex from covering properly. Always avoid painting in direct sunlight, strong winds, or when rain is expected within 8 hours.

What tools do I need?
Depending on your project and the type of structure you are painting, paints may be applied with a nylon/polyester brush, a paint pad or spray unit.

What is the proper way to use spray equipment?
It is always safe to operate spray equipment with safety cautions. Use respiratory and eye protection. All spray units are different and it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

PAINTING WITH A ROLLER | WHEN TO USE A PAINT PAD

PAINTING WITH A ROLLER

Rollers are useful for painting large areas and are available in different sizes and textures. Foam and mohair sleeves are good for covering smooth surfaces; wood and deep-pile synthetic suit rough surfaces. Cut in edges before using on a wall.


1. Rollers are suitable for applying latex paint: oil-based paint can be difficult to clean off from the cover. Prepare for painting by pouring a quantity of paint into a clean, dry roller tray.


2. Place the roller sleeve over the roller. Dip the roller in the paint, rolling it up and down the incline of the tray until it is well covered.


3. Apply the paint randomly by running the roller up and down the wall and from side to side. Spread the paint as evenly as possible, and try not to let the roller slide across the wall.


4. To complete one area, lift off in an upward stroke. When you move to an adjacent area, roll over the wet edges to blend. Be careful not to splash paint onto the woodwork.


WHEN TO USE A PAINT PAD

Paint pads are interchangeable with rollers. They are ideal for applying water-based paint to large areas. Although they can be used with oil-based paints, it is possible that the cleaning solvents required to remove oil-based paint could damage the sponge. Paint pads can be used to paint metalwork and wood.


1. Pour the paint into a paint-pad tray or a roller tray. Lightly dip the pad into the paint, keeping the pad flat. Do not submerge it. If overloaded, wipe off the excess. Alternatively, buy an applicator to apply paint to the pad.


2. Cover the surface randomly in a light, crisscross motion. Do not press too hard or the paint will drip. Reload the pad only when you can see that the paint coverage is beginning to thin.