Finishes & Glazes Asked Questions

Can I faux finish over my wallpaper, paneling or heavily damaged and patched walls?
Wallpaper must be primed using a flat alkyd primer and base-coated twice but the seams will always show. Faux finishing will distract the eye enough to erase most of it visually. Paneling can be sanded lightly and painted with alkyd primer and then with either alkyd or latex paint. Heavily damaged and roughly repaired walls must have the repairs sealed and crack free. The heavier plaster texture will hide everything but not the Italian Plastering which is put on very thin and then polished.
Can any of your “Great Wall Finishes” be used on exterior surfaces?
No. All of faux techniques are meant for interior surfaces only.
Are glazes safe to use in my child’s room?
Most water-based glazes are safe. Oil-based or alkyd-based glazes are not and should be clear coated after drying with a water-based urethane.
Can a faux finish be used on cabinets & furniture?
Yes. Care must be given to preparing the surface with the proper primer and covered with a good quality water-based urethane. Never put a water-based paint or glaze on an alkyd surface. if you are not sure swab the surface with rubbing alcohol, if it rubs off it is a water-based finish. Semi-gloss or gloss surfaces either alkyd or water-based latex paint must have a light sanding before the faux finish begins.
How can I make sure my faux finish is washable?
On walls of bathrooms, kid’s rooms, kitchens and stairwells use one coat of water-based urethane in the lowest sheen as a protective coating. Use two coats of semi-gloss on floors. Wait 24 hours after faux finishing before applying.
What happens when the glaze starts to dry before I am finished?
Some glazes that dry in 15 minutes are not suggested for colourwashing, denim or suede finishes. Read the label for opentime, use glazes that stay open at least 45 minutes. Turn off the air conditioning and work steadily with all your supplies within easy reach. Make sure you have enough mixed to reach the end of the project and do not stop until you reach a corner. Never go back over an area while it is wet. It will remove the glaze and make a hole. Use two people if you are unsure, one to apply a wide strip and one to remove it.
How do I soften the effects if it is too vivid?
Wait until it is dry and go over it again with a very thin lighter coloured version.
How long before a newly painted basecoat can be faux finished?
Overnight. If taping is required we recommend that you wait at least 4 days. Beware! Even low tack tape can tear the base coat surface. Do not leave on for long periods of time.
Can a faux finish be painted over?
Most faux finishes can be painted over with 2 coats of a good quality paint but techniques with texture such as leather, Italian Plaster, heavily textured drywall and even the denim finish which has heavy brush strokes must be skim coated with a drywall compound. It then must be sanded, primed and painted as usual.
How do I achieve a fresco finish?
Texture the wall with a drywall compound, sand and prime with a masonry primer. Or, if the actual texture is not wanted, proceed as below. Use a top quality 4″ soft bristle brush and apply one or more colours by dipping in each colour and using wide overlapping rainbow strokes. Pat off the excess using cheesecloth and blend out the edges in 3′ x 3′ areas at one time. Use a small narrow brush after a full wall length is done to remove the excess from the corners, ceiling and baseboard cracks.
What is the difference between rag rolling and ragging ?
Rag rolling uses a square of cotton dipped in diluted paint or a glaze mixture. Squeezed and then twisted into a cylinder shape and rolled softly down the wall, replenishing the paint when the pattern starts to fade. Ragging-on uses a rag bunched into a carnation shape and patted over the surface.
How do I choose good colour combinations?
Selecting colour for your home is a personal matter. There are no strict rules governing the selection of a colour scheme. The first step in selecting a colour scheme usually is to decide on the main colour to be used in the room. if you don’t know which colours you will be happiest living with, glance through your wardrobe. If you do not see any red, you probably would not like living in a room decorated in a red colour scheme.
Proportion and balance are important. After you decide which colour will be dominant, add other colours in unequal amounts. A guideline is to select the dominant colour for use in about two-thirds of the room and use the other colour in lessening amounts. The floor covering in a room is often the part of the decor that home owners do not want to change. If this is your case, the floor covering colour must be a consideration when selecting a colour scheme.
Start with the paint colour chips. Keep in mind that the colour will be much more intense on a large wall than on a small paint chip. Take the paint chips home and examine them in the room you will be painting, under both natural daylight and artificial night lighting. If you are still unsure about your colour choice, buy the colour that seems best in the smallest quantity. Brush out several 2 ft. x 2ft. samples on the wall. When it is dry look at the sample in the morning and evening. Usually for a more dramatic effect, use a darker coloured glaze over a light colour. For a softer look, use a similar coloured glaze over a basecoat than is slightly darker than the glaze.
Oil paint uses a binder or resin that is derived from a vegetable oil such as linseed or soya bean. This resin is usually dissolved in a solvent such as mineral spirits.
What is alkyd paint?
Alkyd paint is the most common kind of oil paint, and many oil paints are therefore normally referred to as alkyd paints. Alkyd is simply the name of the synthetic resin, usually containing a vegetable oil, that is used as the binder.
What are the benefits of alkyd paint?
Alkyd paint provides resistance to mechanical damage from abuse and abrasion. Alkyd paint is therefore well suited to areas of high wear. It has traditionally been used for such frequently cleaned areas as:
• Doors and trim, both inside and outside
• Kitchens
• Bathrooms
• Cabinets
When would I use alkyd paint?
It depends on a number of factors. See Selecting Interior Paints and Selecting Exterior Paints for more information.
Can I use alkyd paint over latex paint?
Yes, but it is a good idea to do some sanding to provide adhesion.
Note: As a result of ongoing improvements in latex paint technology, latex paints can often be suitable for uses that traditionally required alkyd paints.

Interior Painting – Frequently asked questions

Can I paint directly over wallpaper?
No. Wallpaper can be painted over with the proper preparations. Be sure to remove any loose wallpaper, scuff/sand the surface, then apply interior oil-based primer.

Can I apply latex paint over oil based paint?
Yes. Be sure to prepare the surface properly before painting. Oil-based paints should be sanded to a flat finish before painting. After rinsing, apply Dutch Boy® oil-based primer and apply desired latex paint.

Can I apply paint directly over a semi-gloss paint?
No. Semi-gloss paint must be dulled to a flat finish by sanding*, allowing proper adhesion. Removing or disturbing old paint from interior or exterior surfaces by sanding, scraping, abrading or other means may produce dust, debris or fumes that contain lead. Exposure to lead dust, debris or fumes may cause brain damage or other adverse health effects, especially in children and pregnant women. Structures built before 1978 should be tested by a licensed inspector prior to removing or disturbing old paint.

Can I use exterior paint on the inside of my house?
No. Exterior paints are formulated to be more flexible to withstand temperature and climate change.

How can I best prepare my walls before I paint?
Walls that have never been painted should have a recommended primer applied before painting. For previously painted walls, thoroughly wash them with a mild soap and water solution, then rinse with clean water. If your existing surface was painted previously with semi-gloss paint, the surface should be lightly sanded to a duller finish. If the walls have not been painted in five years or longer or are stained then primer should be used.

How much paint do I need?
To achieve one-coat coverage, paint should be applied at a maximum of 400 square feet per gallon. Rough or textured surfaces may require more paint. On these areas allow for 125-300 square feet per gallon.

How do I prepare the surface?
As a general rule, all surfaces should be clean before painting. Remove any loose, peeling paint, and/or any other substrate that is on the surface*. Scrub all surfaces to remove all dirt, grease, oil, etc. Rinse surface well and allow to dry. Apply appropriate patching material to cracks, nail holes, or other surface imperfections, sand smooth, and remove sanding dust.

*If your existing surface is glossy, dull surface by sanding or use an abrasive cleaner. Remove any residue.

How do I take care of my freshly painted surface?
Freshly painted surfaces may be washed after 30 days. Avoid touching, wiping, or wetting any freshly painted surface for 30 days. After that time dirt and stains may be removed with a mild, non-abrasive cleaner and water. Do not place objects on windowsills and shelves until paint is thoroughly dry.

How long should I wait before applying a second coat of paint?
A second coat of latex paint may be applied 6 hours after the first coat. With oil-based paint, you should wait 24 hours between coats.

Should I paint the trim before or after I roll the walls?
The wall area around the doors and windows and along the ceiling should be cut in with a brush, this will prevent the wall from having an obvious and unsightly picture frame effect. Then, the main part of the wall can be painted with a roller, rolling into these areas.

Why do I need to use a primer?
Primers are specifically formulated to seal porous surfaces, block stains, as well as to insure the proper adhesion of the topcoat and produce the best possible coverage.

What is the proper order to follow when painting a room?
When painting a room, the ceiling should be painted first, followed by the walls, then the trim (including doors and windows) and finally the baseboards.

When should I apply?
Room and surface temperature should be between 50 and 85 degrees. Paint dries best between 65F and 85F. Allow at least 4 hours of drying time before recoating.

What is the proper rolling technique?
Fully load the roller with paint by dipping the entire cover deep into the tray of paint. Carry as much paint to the surface as possible. Make a letter “V” in a small 2 foot by 2 foot area with a generous roller load of paint. Fill in the “V”, spreading the paint evenly from left to right. Lightly smooth out with downward motions. Repeat “V” with a freshly loaded roller for every 2 x 2 foot area.

Exterior Painting – Frequently asked questions

Can I paint over aluminum/vinyl siding?
Yes. Always make sure the surface is cleaned to remove any chalk or dirt. Never apply paint that is darker than the original painted surface on vinyl siding.

Do I need to wash my house before I paint?
Yes. Surfaces must be clean before painting. Thoroughly wash with a house cleaner and water solution, making sure to remove any and all mildew. Rinse and allow to dry.

How much paint do I need?
Be sure to utilize our Paint Gallon Calculator in the Project Planner section to help you determine how many cans to buy for your next project.

To achieve one-coat coverage, paint should be applied at a maximum of 400 square feet per gallon. Rough or textured surfaces may require more paint. On these areas allow for 25-30 square feet per gallon. Some bright colors may require multiple costs to achieve sufficient hide.

How do I apply the paint?
When using more than one gallon of the same product, mix the gallons together to insure color and sheen uniformity. Two coats of this paint will provide maximum protection.

How do I paint shingles & shakes?
Shingles offer natural breaking points, paint in a vertical direction.

How do I care for freshly painted surfaces?
We suggest not washing your newly painted surface for at least 30 days. After that time, dirt and stains may be removed using a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and water.

I have never painted the exterior of my home before….?
When painting the exterior of your home always start with a clean surface; paint one side of the house at a time, starting with the highest point; apply a full even coat to one side of the house at a time and always paint the trim last.

What conditions are best for painting my house?
Generally you should only paint when the surface is between 50F and 85F. High temperatures cause the water in the paint to evaporate too quickly, while low temperatures prevent latex from covering properly. Always avoid painting in direct sunlight, strong winds, or when rain is expected within 8 hours.

What tools do I need?
Depending on your project and the type of structure you are painting, paints may be applied with a nylon/polyester brush, a paint pad or spray unit.

What is the proper way to use spray equipment?
It is always safe to operate spray equipment with safety cautions. Use respiratory and eye protection. All spray units are different and it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

Color Frequently asked questions

How do colors effect room size?
Generally, warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are always a good choice for making a room look larger.

My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors….?
This depends on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.

Should trim work be painted the same color as the walls…?
Use the same color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to bring out the trim work and add highlights.

Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the wall?
Larger surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule, always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and lighting.

What is the best way to decide which color is best for my room?
Take color chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and at night so you will see how lighting will effect your color choices.

What color should I paint my ceiling?
White or off-white colors will create the illusion of having a higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling. Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.

Will the paint actually match the color chip?
As a general rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter than when applied in a room. Always take into account the sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other colors that are in the room.