Painting tips & tricks
Common Exterior Uses of Caulk
Filling in the gap between a window and the molding (brick mold) around it.
Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet (such as a foundation and siding).
Filling in holes in the concrete block of a foundation (use masonry caulk).
Use a putty knife to make sure the caulk bonds to the surfaces around it.
Filling in the gap between a sidewalk and foundation.
Common Interior Uses for caulk
Some Common Interior Uses of Caulk
Prevent moisture from getting into gaps between walls, bathtubs, countertops and sinks.
Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet, such as ceramic tile and baseboard.
Concrete crack repair
First determine if the crack is severe enough to repair.
If only a hairline crack, my recommendation is to leave it as is, since patching will only make it look worse.
If the crack is 1/8” or greater, the following would be the best remedy.
Note: If the crack has been caused by unstable substrate under the slab from poor compaction, my recommendation would be to have a slab jacking service (if available) come to your rescue and stabilize the slab before repair-
Clean entire surface using T.S.P General Household Cleaner, or a suitable exterior cleaning solution.
Tuck into crevice a foam backing rod (available in 1/8, 1/4” – 3” diameters) setting it down into the crack ½” from the surface.
Apply Weldbond or concrete adhesive over foam backing rod. Allow to cure for 1-2 hours.
Apply polyurethane caulking (gray or concrete colour) into crack crevice.
Sprinkle dry sand over caulking and brush excess off using a paintbrush.
Allow to cure for 12 hours before using area.
Choices for Wood Siding
Exterior wood siding can be painted or stained. There is a wide array of products available in both mediums. I prefer an alkyd (oil base) primer for bare wood, the top coat would vary depending on the look desired.
Primer is not required under stain except solid color stain that is white or another light color.
For repainting, primer is only required for areas where the preparation steps brought you down to bare wood, or where stain killer is needed due to mildew or water damage.
Stains for wood come in several degrees of transparency. Semi-transparent stains are useful for letting the wood grain show through, that can be a very nice look over cedar shingles.
Painting Tips – Cleaning Up
If you are planning to continue the work the next day, just keep the paint and roller in the paint tray and cover with a tray lid or cellophane. The next morning run the brush or roller over a newspaper a few times and it will be ready to use.
After the job is completed wash the rollers and brushes and paint tray with water. Do not use a spinning tool to clean brushes as this will make your brush flare. Wrap the clean brushes and rollers with newspaper and secure with a rubber band. Store the brushes flat or hang them on hooks.
Excess paint can be stored in the can. If you have no further use for the paint donate it to a charitable institute or in the case of water based paint pour over shredded newspaper or cat litter and throw the paper or cat litter in the trash. If it is oil based paint it cannot be thrown as it is considered a hazardous substance. Make enquiries with you local council as to the best way to dispose of it.
Cleaning Wood Window Frames
If painted, use a solution of mild detergent and water, or a mild commercial cleaner whose label says it is safe for painted surfaces. Always rinse off solution.
Wipe off excess water with a dry cloth. Do not use strong cleaners or scouring powder as these will damage the paint. If you plan to clean window frames, do it before cleaning window glass so solution does not spot glass panes. If natural-finished, vacuum or dust regularly. Clean infrequently, only when really needed. Use a commercial wood cleaning product or cleaning wax whose label recommends use on natural wood finishes.
Color choices for faux finishes
Color tips for techniques:
When using colorwashing, sponging or dragging techniques
A pastel cover of an off-white background will produce a fresh, cheery effect.
A dark color over a light background will give a bold, dramatic look.
Slight variations of the same color will give the surface a feeling of depth.