Cracked concrete walls

For basement walls with cracks large enough to have water running through during spring thaw or after extended rainy periods, I recommend a professional basement home repair service. This repair may require injections of epoxy or polyurethane.

Note: Most concrete wall cracks are caused by pressure behind the wall, from ground pressure, hydraulic water pressure and/or frost behind the wall.

If you have any of the above, it would be best to excavate the entire area around the cracked wall.

Caution: Always protect excavated areas using poly sheets or proper sloping to eliminate any concern of caving in.

Perimeter drainage should be flushed and cleaned every 3 to 5 years. This is a very inexpensive process if a catchment sump is already in place. If there is no catchment sump in place, it is best to have one installed.

After excavation and repair of any perimeter drainage tile or pipe, power wash the concrete wall removing any residual on the surface. Allow to dry.

Spray asphalt primer sealer 12” either side of the crack.

Apply peel and stick membrane over crack, bridging crack by 6-8 inches on either side. Apply dimpled PVC membrane over repaired area.

Back fill area with Sandy Pit Run Gravel to ensure proper water drainage to perimeter tile or pipe.

Concrete crack repair

Painting tips & tricks

Concrete crack repair

First determine if the crack is severe enough to repair.

If only a hairline crack, my recommendation is to leave it as is, since patching will only make it look worse.

If the crack is 1/8” or greater, the following would be the best remedy.

Note: If the crack has been caused by unstable substrate under the slab from poor compaction, my recommendation would be to have a slab jacking service (if available) come to your rescue and stabilize the slab before repair-

Clean entire surface using T.S.P General Household Cleaner, or a suitable exterior cleaning solution.

Tuck into crevice a foam backing rod (available in 1/8, 1/4” – 3” diameters) setting it down into the crack ½” from the surface.

Apply Weldbond or concrete adhesive over foam backing rod. Allow to cure for 1-2 hours.

Apply polyurethane caulking (gray or concrete colour) into crack crevice.

Sprinkle dry sand over caulking and brush excess off using a paintbrush.

Allow to cure for 12 hours before using area.

Choices for Wood Siding

Exterior wood siding can be painted or stained. There is a wide array of products available in both mediums. I prefer an alkyd (oil base) primer for bare wood, the top coat would vary depending on the look desired.

Primer is not required under stain except solid color stain that is white or another light color.

For repainting, primer is only required for areas where the preparation steps brought you down to bare wood, or where stain killer is needed due to mildew or water damage.

Stains for wood come in several degrees of transparency. Semi-transparent stains are useful for letting the wood grain show through, that can be a very nice look over cedar shingles.

Painting Tips – Cleaning Up

If you are planning to continue the work the next day, just keep the paint and roller in the paint tray and cover with a tray lid or cellophane. The next morning run the brush or roller over a newspaper a few times and it will be ready to use.
After the job is completed wash the rollers and brushes and paint tray with water. Do not use a spinning tool to clean brushes as this will make your brush flare. Wrap the clean brushes and rollers with newspaper and secure with a rubber band. Store the brushes flat or hang them on hooks.
Excess paint can be stored in the can. If you have no further use for the paint donate it to a charitable institute or in the case of water based paint pour over shredded newspaper or cat litter and throw the paper or cat litter in the trash. If it is oil based paint it cannot be thrown as it is considered a hazardous substance. Make enquiries with you local council as to the best way to dispose of it.

Cleaning Wood Window Frames

If painted, use a solution of mild detergent and water, or a mild commercial cleaner whose label says it is safe for painted surfaces. Always rinse off solution.
Wipe off excess water with a dry cloth. Do not use strong cleaners or scouring powder as these will damage the paint. If you plan to clean window frames, do it before cleaning window glass so solution does not spot glass panes. If natural-finished, vacuum or dust regularly. Clean infrequently, only when really needed. Use a commercial wood cleaning product or cleaning wax whose label recommends use on natural wood finishes.

Color choices for faux finishes

Color tips for techniques:

When using colorwashing, sponging or dragging techniques

A pastel cover of an off-white background will produce a fresh, cheery effect.

A dark color over a light background will give a bold, dramatic look.

Slight variations of the same color will give the surface a feeling of depth.

Common Exterior Uses of Caulk

Filling in the gap between a window and the molding (brick mold) around it.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet (such as a foundation and siding).

Filling in holes in the concrete block of a foundation (use masonry caulk).

Use a putty knife to make sure the caulk bonds to the surfaces around it.

Filling in the gap between a sidewalk and foundation.

Common Interior Uses for caulk

Some Common Interior Uses of Caulk

Prevent moisture from getting into gaps between walls, bathtubs, countertops and sinks.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet, such as ceramic tile and baseboard.

Building Up Damaged Concrete Surfaces

Building Up Damaged Concrete Surfaces

Painting tips & tricks

Clean the area with T.S.P General Household Cleaner and rinse well. While still damp from washing apply a concrete adhesive (Weldbond) to the entire area. Mix the Bonded Topping mix to a thicker consistency (like muffin mix) and trowel over the prepared area. Texture the surface with a broom if that look is desired. Allow to cure for 24 hours, and then follow with the brightening concrete procedure. Leave for one week and seal with a solvent- based concrete sealer.

For severely damaged surfaces I would suggest hiring a Concrete Restoration service to place a new layer of concrete minimum of 1 ½” over the existing surface. If concrete is sinking in some areas I recommend using a Slab Jacking service to lift and stabilize the slab.


Benefits Of Latex Paints

The benefits of latex paints are:

• No or low odor.
• Quick drying.
• Easy application.
• Easy clean up.

Some interior latex paints also are splatter resistant.

Other pluses: Latex paints are more durable and have increased resistance to blistering and bubbling.


BAGGING

This technique creates a strong, textured look, Prepare the surface with a coat of matte oil- based paint, and working in sections of approximately 2 sq yds (2 sq m), paint on the tinted oil glaze. Place a rolled-up cloth in a plastic bag and run the bag over the surface in a pattern, such as overlapping circles. Wipe off any excess glaze from the bag. When the glaze is dry, protect it with a layer of matte varnish.


Avoid Painting In direct Sunlight

When painting outdoors it is important to follow a few easy steps in order to avoid, “Lap” marks which will show after the paint is dry. Latex paint has a molecular structure which allows vapors to pass through it, which prevent blistering. However, these same properties cause the paint to dry very quickly, especially on hot days, or in direct sunlight. It is best to paint your siding, or foundation in long runs across the house, a few layers at a time, rather than to paint section by section. You won’t see the lap marks until the paint is completely dry, but they will be there.


Asphalt Sealer Coating

Do not work in the sunshine, the best time would be evening or early morning shade.

Do not power wash.

1. Clean with T.S.P General Household Cleaner, heavy-duty mix. For any cracks or puddle areas, fill with premixed asphalt patch. Tamp in place with metal tamper.

2. For small cracks, use premixed asphalt crack repair.

3. Then apply asphalt sealer (not acrylic sealer) with a driveway brush, squeegee or 50 mm roller.

4. In the following years, clean with T.S.P General Household Cleaner and then seal with an acrylic sealer as needed.

Note: Never seal asphalt the first year, let the product cure and Harden.


Cheque Before Painting A Metal Roof

Most people know about galvanic action, the corrosive effect that occurs when incompatible metals come into contact. But few people are aware of the damage to galvanised iron gutters and downpipes that can occur when an old roof is replaced with Zincalume, glazed tiles or painted metal sheeting. These materials, unlike roofing of galvanised steel, unglazed tiles or fibro, do not deposit metal salts and minerals as a protective coating on the inside of the gutter. Pure rainwater flowing from a chemically-inert roof may wash away the protective film on the inside of the galvanised guttering, causing rapid early gutter failure.