Interior and exterior door installation

Interior door installation

Most interior doors (excluding hi-fold doors) are pre-hung assembled or knock down ready to assemble.

To accommodate a pre-hung door the R. S. O. (rough stud opening) must be installed to allow for shimming tolerance, this is required for both sides and the top. The rule of thumb is one inch wider than the door width and one half inch higher including the door frame. This is to allow for any shrinkage or twisting in the rough stud opening. If your door is the knock down ready to assemble type put the unit together following the instructions. You will find that you can assemble for either right hand or left hand hinge, swinging in or out of the opening.

Apply a piece of 1×2 across the door at the bottom (right jamb to left jamb) to hold the door in the front plumb and square. Set the door in the opening and using carpenters square and level shim with cedar door shims and fasten with nails. Do the hinge side first then the others shimming where required top and side.


Exterior door installation

Installing a new exterior door will require you to make a number of decisions.

1. Solid core plywood faced door?
Will require a lot of maintenance, staining, sealing and painting.

2. Solid wood door i.e.: Western Red Cedar or Oak etc. Will require sanding, staining, natural finish — subject to temperature change inside and out. Panels may crack requiring repairs and refinishing on an annual basis.

3. Steel insulated door primed ready for paint? Most people assume steel insulated doors are a finished product (usually white in colour) “WRONG”. They must be painted within the first 6 to 8 months of installation using an exterior acrylic latex or exterior urethane paint. Door must be washed with T.S.P General Household Cleaner or T.S.R using a pot scrubber pad and rinsed well before painting.

4. Consider fibreglass-insulated doors, as they are maintenance friendly.

5. Good, Better, Best, One of the best doors available now is the new Protect Door manufactured by Guenther Doors. Their new laminated inner frame adds structural strength giving greater security and comfort.

Prep & Exterior Painting


1. Wash you’re siding with an inexpensive hose- mounted brush, such as a car-washing brush. Work from the top of the wall to the bottom. Use household detergent on tough spots and rinse all soapy areas thoroughly.


2. Scrape away peeling paint with a paint scraper. Don’t gouge the wood, and be sure to change (or sharpen) the scraper blade frequently to make the work go faster.


3. Use 100-grit sandpaper over a sanding block to smooth the scraped areas. Feather the edges so they match the surrounding surface.


4. Use a flap sander mounted in an electric l (or a cordless drill for very quick jobs) to remove peeling paint from curved surfaces. This tool works on both concave and convex boards.


5. On larger scraped areas, use an electric sander to smooth the surface. U e 100-grit sandpaper and be sure to brush the sanding dust off he siding or trim when you’re done.


6. Fill any cracks between the siding and the door and window trim using a caulk gun and paintable, exterior caulk. Fill deep cracks in a couple of passes to keep the caulk from smearing on the siding.


7. Prime and then paint all sanded areas. And, try not to over-brush. Because paint tends to fade over time, your touch-ups will look brighter than the original paint covering. Keeping their size as small as possible will make them less noticeable.


8. Try to remove any paint splatters from window glass before they dry. Once the paint hardens ifs much harder to remove.

Interior and exterior wood finishing

Step by Step Guide To Painting.

Step 1 Wood Preparation:

First thing to do is to survey of all the surfaces. After doing this, you will be able to determine what you will need.
Surface marks
All the marks will have to be sanded off. Use 80 grit sandpaper. You will need to feather you’re sanding around the mark somewhat because if you sand in one spot, there will be a lighter difference on that spot Use 100 – 120 grit sandpaper.
Rough Areas
To describe rough, I refer to where a route or saw have not completely removed the wood it was suppose to remove. Also where the pieces meet or connect together such as corners and other joints.

Step 2 Priming:

There are several methods to applying primer. I usually just brush primer. I am not saying that it is the best way to do it, but that is the way I do it. I prefer to prime before the wood is installed. This makes the process of staining much faster. To do this type of application, layout the wood across two saw horses with a drop sheet below to keep the mess to a minimum. Next mix the primer thoroughly from bottom to top. Proceed by dipping the brush into the primer about one inch up the bristles. Wipe the brush off as you pull the can out of the primer. This should leave enough primer in the brush to start. Place the brush about five inches away from the end of the piece of wood and drag it toward the opposite end. When the brush begins to show signs of being almost empty stop and drag the brush back past where you started. Right past the end. Again reload the brush and start about five inches from where you had to turn back the previous stroke. Repeat until the piece is completed. Once the piece is completed, run the brush one end to the other without stopping. Complete the rest of the wood following these steps. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use. .

Install Wood with one coat of stain and one coat of sealer if possible

Step 3 Wood Preparation:

First thing you can do after the wood has been installed is being sure to inset all the nails with a nail punch. The nails should be inset by about 1/16 – 1/8 of an inch. Start to fill the nail holes with color matched putty. The putty can also be used to fill small joints that are not more the 1/16 of an inch in width. Joints that are larger will need to be profiled with wood cement or wood filler. Sand all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. After all this has been completed, you can wipe each piece to remove any excess putty and dust with varsol or mineral spirits.

Step 4 First Finish Coat:
Apply the coat of your choice of finish whether it be latex / varethane / urathane. Be sure to spread the finish out as much as you can by striking back and forth. After three or four feet, drag your brush back over quickly where you had just finished having a continuous follows through stroke. Nothing looks worse then a lot of brush marks. Let dry. Different products take shorter or longer periods of time to dry. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

Step 5 Wood Preparation:

Now just a light sanding with 120 grit or finer. You just want to take off any roughness of the finish. You do not want to remove the finish! Wipe clean varsol or mineral spirits to remove the dust.

Step 6 Second Finish Coat:
Apply the second coat the same as the first coat. And you are finished. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

Exterior House Painting Tips

Home owners today knows that choosing a color for their home is one of the most important and perhaps the most difficult task that they go through. In the past, everything was simple where white was the most used and also the most preferred paint color for the exterior walls of the house.

However, in today’s world, there are different color schemes that can enhance the look of your home.By choosing the right paint, you will be able to make your home stand out from the rest of the home in your area. It will also be easier to identify by your visiting friends and relatives. However, choosing the wrong color can also make your home stand out from the rest as the home with the worst paint job in the neighborhood.

This is why you should choose a paint color that will suit your home best and a color that will enhance the look of your home.

It is a fact that living in a home where there is no paint at all can be quite boring. This is why many people paint their home’s exterior to enhance its looks and also for their home to look more inviting. However, there are instances where you have to choose the proper color of your home. Firstly, it will depend on the climate of the area where your home is situated.

So, here are the basic tips and guidelines when choosing a paint color for the exterior of your home:

Lighting – You have to know that light has a significant effect on the house’s color. In cooler climates, the light is diffused. This means that colors will look bolder. However, in lighter climates and areas where there is a lot of sunshine, it will make the color look pale and washed out.

Light Colors vs. Dark Colors – Always remember that dark colors tend to make the house recede. This means that it will make the home look smaller and farther from the street. It will also make it gloomier. On the other hand, light colors have the opposite effect. It will make the home look larger and closer to the street. Also, it will brighten the home and will look more inviting.

Gutters and Downspouts – In most homes, gutters and downspouts are an eyesore. If you want it to make it less noticeable, you can consider painting it with the same wall colors of your exterior walls.

Mildews and Molds – Molds and mildews can be a hassle when painting the exterior of your home. It is important that you should solve this problem first before you apply paint. You can test for the presence of mildew by applying household bleach to the area suspected and if the bleach change colors, then you have a mildew problem.

Moisture – Moisture too can pose as a problem when painting your home. Even the best paint job can be ruined by moisture. Make sure that moisture is eliminated before you start painting. No matter how much coat you cover the problematic area you will see that the moisture will still be noticeable.

Color Families – If you are having difficulties in choosing what color you should paint your home, then you should consider purchasing from a paint manufacturer that offers color families. This simplifies your color choosing a lot more.

It is important to remember that the paint you choose should be made and formulated for exterior use. The paint you use should withstand heat and water for a long time in order for the paint’s color last a long time.

By following these simple tips, you will be able to have a home that is pleasing to look at and a home that is more inviting.

Exterior Finishes – How to Finish a Wooden Picnic Table

A wooden picnic table right at your garden is a fun dining venue on weekends. However, wooden picnic tables are exposed to outdoor elements most of the year and needs extra protection. One way to protect your wooden picnic table from outdoor elements is to apply finishing. Here are the materials that you will need along with the instructions on how to finish a wooden picnic table.

Tools and Materials Needed:

• Paint brushes
• Sanding sealant
• Sandpaper
• Wood stain

Step 1 – Sandpaper

Smooth the surface of the picnic table using fine sandpaper. Start at the table top and sand in a circular motion until your get a relatively smooth and even surface.

Step 2 – Apply Sanding Sealant

With a paint brush, apply a sanding sealant on the surface of your picnic table and dry for 30 minutes. Sand the picnic table again using the procedure in Step 1.

Step 3 – Apply Wood Stain

After sanding, apply a coating of wood stain on the picnic table using a fresh paint brush. For a lighter wood stain apply only 1 or 2 coats of wood stain. For a darker wood stain apply additional coating until you are satisfied with the hue of the stain. Make sure to allow enough drying time between each coating of wood stain.

Step 4 – Remove Excess Stain

Check your picnic table for excess stain and remove any by sanding. Excess stain often accumulates at the end pieces and corners of your picnic table.

Step 5 – Finish

Apply polyurethane finish on your picnic table using another fresh paint brush. Apply 2 or more coatings to protect your picnic table from outdoor elements such as rain or direct exposure to sunlight.

Exterior Cracking Flaking Exterior Paint Solution

Cracking Flaking: The splitting of a dry paint film through at least one coat, which will lead to complete failure of the paint. Early on, the problem appears as hairline cracks; later, flaking of paint chips occurs.

Possible Causes:

Use of a lower quality paint that has inadequate adhesion and flexibility.

Over thinning the paint or spreading it t(x) thin.

Poor surface preparation, especially when the paint is applied to bare wood without priming.

Painting under cool or windy conditions that make latex paint dry too fast.

Solution:

It may be possible to correct cracking that does not go down to the substrate by removing the loose or flaking paint with a scraper or wire brush, sanding to feather the edges, priming any bare spots and repainting. If the cracking goes down to the substrate, remove all of the paint by scraping, sanding and/or use of a heat gun; then prime and repaint with a quality exterior latex paint.


Exterior Painting – Frequently asked questions

Can I paint over aluminum/vinyl siding?
Yes. Always make sure the surface is cleaned to remove any chalk or dirt. Never apply paint that is darker than the original painted surface on vinyl siding.

Do I need to wash my house before I paint?
Yes. Surfaces must be clean before painting. Thoroughly wash with a house cleaner and water solution, making sure to remove any and all mildew. Rinse and allow to dry.

How much paint do I need?
Be sure to utilize our Paint Gallon Calculator in the Project Planner section to help you determine how many cans to buy for your next project.

To achieve one-coat coverage, paint should be applied at a maximum of 400 square feet per gallon. Rough or textured surfaces may require more paint. On these areas allow for 25-30 square feet per gallon. Some bright colors may require multiple costs to achieve sufficient hide.

How do I apply the paint?
When using more than one gallon of the same product, mix the gallons together to insure color and sheen uniformity. Two coats of this paint will provide maximum protection.

How do I paint shingles & shakes?
Shingles offer natural breaking points, paint in a vertical direction.

How do I care for freshly painted surfaces?
We suggest not washing your newly painted surface for at least 30 days. After that time, dirt and stains may be removed using a mild, non-abrasive cleanser and water.

I have never painted the exterior of my home before….?
When painting the exterior of your home always start with a clean surface; paint one side of the house at a time, starting with the highest point; apply a full even coat to one side of the house at a time and always paint the trim last.

What conditions are best for painting my house?
Generally you should only paint when the surface is between 50F and 85F. High temperatures cause the water in the paint to evaporate too quickly, while low temperatures prevent latex from covering properly. Always avoid painting in direct sunlight, strong winds, or when rain is expected within 8 hours.

What tools do I need?
Depending on your project and the type of structure you are painting, paints may be applied with a nylon/polyester brush, a paint pad or spray unit.

What is the proper way to use spray equipment?
It is always safe to operate spray equipment with safety cautions. Use respiratory and eye protection. All spray units are different and it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

Exterior Painting Techniques

There are all different kinds of siding you might encounter when it comes time to paint the outside of your house. You could have cedar, plywood, hardboard, stucco, or masonry.

Sometimes, you might have a combination. In general, you should use a power sprayer or a roller with a heavy nap for concrete, stucco, and brick. Use a brush, a roller with a medium nap, or a power sprayer for any other materials.


First, check to make sure there’s no rain in the weather forecast. You’ll need to apply primer to any bare siding. For best results, allow the primer to dry according to the manufacturer’s recommendation. A sprayer or roller will speed up the process.


Masonry surfaces always should be primed, especially if water stains are present or if glossy paint is to be top-coated. Cedar and redwood contain resins that bleed through water-based paints, so use an oil-based primer on bare wood.


Paint the roof trim and soffits before the walls if they will be different colors. This will keep the trim paint from dripping onto the newly painted walls.


Paint the inside corners and around the trim. A corner roller or trim brush is a great help when cutting in these areas.


On clapboard or shingle siding, paint the bottom edges of the siding before painting the face. That way, you’ll make sure you don’t miss any spots. A trim roller works great for this job.


Do the walls with a roller or a brush, starting at the top. If you’re up on a ladder, work carefully and don’t overextend your arm — it could throw you off balance. Try to finish strokes directly in front of you so you can make sure there’s no drips. Paint one defined “block” at a time.


Start each stroke by feathering the brush or roller. Feathering means placing the surface of the brush or roller against the siding gradually, instead of abruptly. This eliminates a definite start line and makes it easier to blend the next block of strokes into the present block.


Blend the strokes together by working quickly. It’s important to blend the new stroke into the completed stroke while the paint is still wet so you can avoid lap marks. Never stop in the middle of a section. Paint to the corner of the house so the paint color is consistent.


Move the ladder so you can just reach the completed block of siding. To eliminate lap marks, rewet the feathered edges of the previously painted block with your brush or roller just before you start each stroke. Repeat the process until the top area is completed, then move on to the lower sections.

Exterior Finishes – How to Finish a Wood Table for Outdoor Use

In order to finish a wood table so that it will not suffer damage when it is used outside, there are several steps that need to be undertaken. With a little treatment, you will find that a wood table will last a lost time, despite it being exposed to the elements.

Tools and Materials Needed:

• Paintbrush or roller
• Varnish
• Sandpaper
• Rags

Step 1 – Prepare

The first step necessary to finish a wood table for use outside is to prepare the wood. Start by undertaking any repairs that are required and sand away any scratches. Follow this by cleaning the table so that no debris is present to get caught in the varnish.

Step 2 – Gather Materials

You should ensure that you finish a wood table using the correct method according to the type of wood. Some will benefit from oils that can be rubbed into the wood and will highlight the grain, while the use of varnish will be better for others.

Step 3 – Apply Treatment

Finish the wood table by applying the varnish with a paintbrush, working methodically to ensure that it is completely covered. Keep a rag in hand to wipe up any drips. Allow the first coat to dry before applying another.

Choose Exterior Paint Color

There are so many things to consider when repainting the exterior of your home. After you choose a painter and decide on the type of paint you want to use, you then have the task of deciding on a color. For some people this comes easily, for others, decorating or changing the exterior of their home is daunting.

Here are some tips for choosing exterior paint colors:

Stay true to the traditional color scheme for your type of home. For example, a New England Salt Box looks great in blue-gray tones. Victorian homes can have a variety of colors, look at the bottom layer of paint for a clue to your home’s original paint scheme. If your home is in a wooded area, you might want to choose earth tones.

Many paint stores now offer computer imaging so you can get an idea of the look of the colors you are considering. This way you can avoid a surprise after buying hundreds of dollars worth of paint.
If, for example, you like a bright yellow or blue color, consider selecting a color in a slightly muted tone. A large area of bright color can have a larger impact than you may want.

Look at homes in your neighborhood or in decorating magazines. This is a great way to find paint colors. If you like the color of a house in your neighborhood, ask the homeowner if he or she would share the color name and brand of paint they have used. If you find a color scheme you like in a magazine, it is fairly easy to have the colors matched at your local paint store.

Use pre-selected color schemes from your local paint store. Many paint manufacturers will group complimentary color pallets. These are suggestions for trim, accents and the body of the house.


COLOR Frequently asked questions

How do colors effect room size?

Generally, warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are always a good choice for making a room look larger.

My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors….?

This depends on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.

Should trim work be painted the same color as the walls…?

Use the same color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to bring out the trim work and add highlights.

Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the wall?

Larger surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule, always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and lighting.

What is the best way to decide which color is best for my room?

Take color chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and at night so you will see how lighting will effect your color choices.

What color should I paint my ceiling?

White or off-white colors will create the illusion of having a higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling. Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.

Will the paint actually match the color chip?

As a general rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter than when applied in a room. Always take into account the sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other colors that are in the room.

Exterior Painting Pointers – Different Types of House Paint Explained

With so many brands and types of house paint on the market today, it can be confusing to know where to start when choose paint for a household project. Despite the hundreds of paint cans lining the wall at your home improvement store, there are essentially two kinds of paint: Oil based and water based. But you will also find primers, enamels, acrylics and many others. Here are descriptions of seven different house paints you will commonly find on the shelf.

Oil Based vs. Water Based House Paint

Each of these two types of paint differs and each has paint varieties under them. Oil-based house paint takes more time to dry than water based house paint. There are drying additives added to oil based paints to aid in shorter drying times. The finish of oil-based paints is also glossier and harder. In order to clean oil-based paint you need to use harsh chemicals like paint thinner. The water-based paints dry as fast as moisture can evaporate. Water-based paint is not as durable as oil based nor is it as shiny. A small amount of detergent and water will allow you to clean water-based paint.

Primer

This is not usually considered paint but it is needed in many painting projects and is found in the paint aisle. Primer can be oil-based or water-based. When you are painting and need to use a primer always use one that matches the house paint you are using. If painting with oil based paint, you would use oil-based primer.

Interior and Exterior Paint

You will see paint labeled interior and exterior paint. Due to having to withstand the elements you would use water based paint on the interior. Exterior paint is best left to oil based paints.

Specialty Paints

Each paint type can have paints with additives included in the paint. These paints can include anti-mold and anti-mildew properties as well as fire retardant. There are also paints that have anti-condensation additives added to them which make this paint popular in kitchens.

Latex Paint

This is a term used to describe water-based house paint. There is actually no latex in the paint.

Acrylic

This is just another term for water based house paint. The binding ingredient in the paint is acrylic. Acrylic paint can be found in several varieties including acrylic latex, acrylic enamel or acrylic latex enamel. This paint will not yellow. Acrylic enamel house paint is considered as such due to its durability. It is not a mixture of oil- and water-based paint. Always consult the labels of the paint as not all paints contain latex or acrylic despite the name. Remember that the higher the shine the more imperfections the paint will show.

Enamel Paint

Oil-based paint is given the term “enamel” due to the hardness and durability of the paint. These paints will also include gloss and semi-gloss paint finishes. This house paint is mostly used around windows, doors and trim. Over time this paint can discolor.