How to Sponge Paint A Wall

Tools

Ladder, drop cloth, work light, paint roller, roller tray, brushes, sea sponges, serrated kitchen knife and a shallow container.

Materials

Masking tape, primer, disposable latex gloves, latex paints or tints, polyurethane varnish.

1. Before sponging, test the technique on a spare piece of drywall. Colors can be made more or less transparent by adding varying amounts of water or thinner to the paint.

2. Apply primer to unfinished wood or drywall. Apply a stain-killing primer over knots and a special bonding primer on tile, glass or metal. Mask the surfaces that are not to be painted. Administer a base coat of paint with a roller brush or brush to the area. Let it dry completely.

3. Pour paint into a shallow container. Wet the sponge in water or thinner and twist out the excess. Dab the sponge into the paint and then onto a piece of paper to remove the excess. The paint should be evenly distributed on the sponge. Use disposable gloves to protect your hands. To paint the edge of a wall use, a serrated knife to cut a straight edge on a piece of sponge. Paint the corner first with cut sponge then overlap the area with paint in an uncut sponge.

4. Sponge paints a 3—4 foot wide section at a time. Do not stop in the middle of the wall but at a corner or a door jamb.

5. Touch up the area. Dry overnight before applying additional colors to the wall. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for additional colors.

6. Apply a coat of clear finish (water-based polyurethane) to the surface with a roller or a brush.

TIP

Clean or change furnace filters regularly. Generally filters should be cleaned or replaced once a month during the heating season to ensure they don’t restrict the flow of air. If your fan is in continuous operation, it is a good idea to change or clean the filter once a month all year long.

How to Rag Roll A Wall

Tools

Drop cloths, paint roller or pad, paint roller tray, level, straightedge, pencil and goggles

Materials

Rags, painter’s tape or tape and drape masking products, interior paint, oil-base glaze, tints or paint for coloring the glaze and mineral spirits (paint thinner).

1. The rags used for this decorating technique should be the same material and seamless. Fold the two sides of a 2- ft. long rag into the middle. Roll it loosely to create wrinkles. The roll can be any width under 1 foot. The width will determine the size of the striped pattern on the wall.

2. To protect the other surfaces of the room lay drop cloths on the floor and use mask and drape masking on the base board trim. Tape off adjacent walls to avoid rubbing the rag on unwanted areas.

3. Using a paint roller or pad, apply an even base coat on the already primed or painted wall. Allow it to dry completely.

4. Have a helper apply a glaze on a small area of the wall. It is important not to let the glaze dry before rolling it with a rag. Begin in a corner and work over a 2-foot wide top to bottom strip. Always work in vertical strips on the wall.

5. Immerse a rolled rag in thinner and squeeze out the excess thinner. Press the rag against the wall and carefully roll it down the wall with even pressure. The harder the pressure between the rag and wall, the more paint will be removed. When one section is finished, repeat the procedure on the adjacent area. Feather the edges of the strips together but do not overlap.

6. Finish the wall with the technique. Do not stop in the middle of a wall, but in a corner or edge of a door.

7. Apply another color glaze after the first coat has dried completely. Repeat steps 4 through 6 with another color glaze to create an interesting decorative look on the wall.

TIP

Install glass doors on your wood-burning fireplace to stop heated air in your home escaping up the chimney, and to keep cold air from being drawn down the chimney when it is not in use.

GLAZING YOUR WALLS By glazing, or color washing, a wall

GLAZING YOUR WALLS

By glazing, or color washing, a wall, you will create a dappled surface texture, similar to that of tempera (‘distemper”). First prepare the wall with a coat of opaque latex paint and then paint over with thinned latex.

DAPPLED COLOR >

Glazing creates a similar effect to tempera. It works particularly well on uneven surfaces, such as cracked plaster, where it creates a highly textured look.


1. Thin the latex paint; the ratio of latex to water varies depending on the type of paint. Experiment with ratios 4:1 to 9:1 latex to water. Apply in small areas of 1 sq yd (1 sq m), Run over with a damp brush to soften the strokes.


2. Apply the second coat once the first is completely dry. Paint the second coat as the first, with a wide decorating brush in small areas. If the paint runs, keep brushing it. When dry, finish with a coat of matte varnish to protect the surface.