GLAZING YOUR WALLS By glazing, or color washing, a wall

GLAZING YOUR WALLS

By glazing, or color washing, a wall, you will create a dappled surface texture, similar to that of tempera (‘distemper”). First prepare the wall with a coat of opaque latex paint and then paint over with thinned latex.

DAPPLED COLOR >

Glazing creates a similar effect to tempera. It works particularly well on uneven surfaces, such as cracked plaster, where it creates a highly textured look.


1. Thin the latex paint; the ratio of latex to water varies depending on the type of paint. Experiment with ratios 4:1 to 9:1 latex to water. Apply in small areas of 1 sq yd (1 sq m), Run over with a damp brush to soften the strokes.


2. Apply the second coat once the first is completely dry. Paint the second coat as the first, with a wide decorating brush in small areas. If the paint runs, keep brushing it. When dry, finish with a coat of matte varnish to protect the surface.

Glazing textured walls

Painting is the simplest way to add dimension and texture to your old tired looking walls and revive them with new character. There are lots of interesting ways to add color to your walls and glazing is a popular technique often used by professional decorators.

Glazes
The natural beauty of any color is greatly enhanced when you use glazes to build more layers on your wall. The more layers there are to reflect your light the more intensely the color will develop.

Always wear disposable gloves when working with glazes and be aware of your rooms ventilation.

After your walls have been base coated, apply your glaze working left to right in a two or three foot wide vertical area. Starting at the top of the wall and working downward in this way will help the glaze to blend with your new coat while it is still wet. Using a partner can be especially handy. One person rolls on the glaze while the other person follows up with the finished ragging or combing technique.

Ragging
Ragging is a painting technique that can be done in a variety of different ways. Linen or cotton rags make good rags but knit fabrics can provide an unusual look as well. Experiment with different rag fabrics, wadded plastic sacks turned inside out or even cheesecloth until you find the ragging pattern right for you.

You will be using rags to apply diluted paint and glaze to a wall or to texture glaze that is being newly placed on a wall. The harder you press your rag on the surface of new glaze the more glaze it will remove. Be sure and work in a random pattern and change the hold on your rag often to avoid a pronounced repetition in your method.

Color Washing
This technique produces a soft finish and is obtained using a very thin glaze. Color Washing is effective with both water and oil based paints and are a great way to cover up blemishes in your walls. You will want to choose colors that are very similar in tone. You are trying to build up many translucent layers to create depth and interest. First apply the glaze with a roller and lightly brush the walls with a wide soft bristle brush stroke. Try not to leave any brush hair lines. The glaze may dry quickly and make blending difficult, in that case use a acrylic paint retarded to slow down the drying time and give you time to work.

Sponging
Using a large household sponge or a sea sponge you can sponge like a professional painter in a short amount of time. If the household sponge is to precise in the sponged look, use scissors to cut out pieces of the sponge to round off the corners and create a imperfect look. You can use a up and down bouncing method to apply your glaze or diluted paint to a wall or wipe the edge of the sponge across the surface in short random brush strokes. If applying glaze, start with a moistened sponge and wring it out as the paint builds up.

Combing
Dragging a comb through your wall glaze can create an interesting patina. You can pull the teeth of the comb through in a wavy pattern or in a straight line to simulate wood grains or basket weaving. Combing techniques require a steady hand that can continuously produce a smooth motion.

PAINTING WALLS & CEILINGS > ORDER OF WORK | HOW TO APPLY LATEX PAINT

PAINTING WALLS & CEILINGS


ORDER OF WORK

Remove the furniture and wall hangings or place them in the center of the room, and cover with a drop cloth. Remove light fixtures from the walls if possible, and cover outlets with plastic bags. Cover the floor with a drop cloth. Now clean and prepare the surfaces to be painted. The ceiling should be the starting point, and then work across the walls. Paint the woodwork last.


HOW TO APPLY LATEX PAINT

Ideal for walls and ceilings, latex is available as a matte or silk finish. It is water soluble and dries quickly.


1. Work in areas of 2 sq ft (60 sq cm) in light, crisscross strokes. Do not apply the paint too thickly.


2. Finish with an upward stroke. Move to the adjacent area. Do not apply more coats until the first coat is dry.

How to Repair Cracks and Holes in Your Walls

Painting over cracks and holes won’t make them disappear—and may even make them more noticeable—so it is important to fix imperfections before you start painting. Here are some basic steps. If you haven’t done so, cover the furniture and floors with a drop cloth to protect against dust and debris.

Before you add filler to minor or hairline cracks:

1. Use a utility or putty knife to widen the crack and remove any loose material.

2. Create a trench that is deeper and slightly larger than the crack.

3. For long cracks, remove the plaster or sheet rock material at intervals to help the filler hold.

4. For small holes, use a utility or putty knife to dig out the hole and make the inside of the hole bigger than the outside. This is to provide space for the filler and to help prevent it from falling out of the hole or crack.

5. Where sheetrock nails have popped up, countersink the nail pops with a hammer. The indentation left by the hammer head can be easily filled.

6. Brush or vacuum to remove dust and debris, and wipe the area with a damp cloth.
For best results, ALWAYS READ THE PAINT CAN LABEL. Professionals read the paint can labels to get the paint manufacturers’ most up-to-date information and instructions on the use of each specific paint. Every paint is different, and the labels provide important information, such as the average coverage area per gallon, drying times, number of coats needed, and surface preparation requirements. The labels also give specific safety information that should be carefully adhered to.

7. Use spackle or joint compound as filler, applied with a small, flexible putty knife for small areas, or a bigger one for large areas.

8. For a smoother finish, spread thin layers of filler rather than one thick layer.

9. Add as many layers as necessary, making sure that each layer is dry before adding another.

10. After the layers of filler are completely dry, lightly sand as needed with fine-grade sandpaper to smooth and blend the repair with the wall surface.

11. Wipe any dust from the wall with a clean cotton cloth before you start to prime or paint.

12. Prime all repaired areas to help seal the filler and to help prevent the filler from absorbing paint.

Cracked concrete walls

For basement walls with cracks large enough to have water running through during spring thaw or after extended rainy periods, I recommend a professional basement home repair service. This repair may require injections of epoxy or polyurethane.

Note: Most concrete wall cracks are caused by pressure behind the wall, from ground pressure, hydraulic water pressure and/or frost behind the wall.

If you have any of the above, it would be best to excavate the entire area around the cracked wall.

Caution: Always protect excavated areas using poly sheets or proper sloping to eliminate any concern of caving in.

Perimeter drainage should be flushed and cleaned every 3 to 5 years. This is a very inexpensive process if a catchment sump is already in place. If there is no catchment sump in place, it is best to have one installed.

After excavation and repair of any perimeter drainage tile or pipe, power wash the concrete wall removing any residual on the surface. Allow to dry.

Spray asphalt primer sealer 12” either side of the crack.

Apply peel and stick membrane over crack, bridging crack by 6-8 inches on either side. Apply dimpled PVC membrane over repaired area.

Back fill area with Sandy Pit Run Gravel to ensure proper water drainage to perimeter tile or pipe.

Cleaning Painted Walls

No matter how much you take care of your walls and that they are recently painted, they do get dirty and dusty very easily. Here are some tips to clean walls painted recently and doors to give a new shine to your home without spending money:

• Cove the floor and immovable furniture in the room with old sheets and newspapers so that they don’t get dirty from all the cleaning, falling dust and drippings of soap solutions.

• If your walls have been painted already, all you have to do to clean them is to clean the cobwebs first and then dust them well using a brush or soft cloth rag.

• If the paint is washable, then dip the sponge in a cleaning solution
and squeeze it well and clean the wall from top the bottom. Then use a dry clean rag to dry-wipe the wall.

• Clean shower walls by spraying phosphoric acid cleaner
on them and then wiping it off using a soft cloth rag or a sponge. This will remove all the dust and deposits on the walls. Then use a hand sprayer to spray any citrus-based solution to remove the soap scrum from the wall and then wipe it off using a sponge.

• Wear eye protective gear as protection for your eyes before starting the entire wall cleaning process.

• Damp walls and moisture-ridden walls need more ventilation and air circulation, so keep windows open during summers. However, in monsoons and winters, windows should remain closed so that humidity cannot make your walls damper.

• Use a dry clean cloth rag to wipe off the dust from the doors first and then use a wet cloth for additional cleanliness. Apply one coat of oil wood to keep your doors in good condition.

Bathroom – Three-toned walls

This subtle effect, using three different shades of the same colour, will add a new dimension to your walls.

You will need

• long ruler
• spirit level
• pencil
• masking tape
• 3 tones of one matt emulsion paint • colour
• paintbrush or roller

1. Make sure the walls are clean of grease and grime. Choose the areas of wall to paint, divide the height into three and mark each third of the wall with a pencil. Use a ruler and spirit level to ensure the lines are straight and even.

2. Working from the bottom up, apply masking tape carefully above the first line, in order not to paint the wrong area. Make sure you apply the tape as straight and evenly as possible.

3. Paint the area below the bottom line with the darkest shade. Allow to dry and apply a second coat if needed.

4. Once the paint is dry, carefully peel off the masking tape. Now apply masking tape above the second line and below the first line and paint the area in between with the middle shade. When dry, remove the tape and apply tape below the second line. Paint the top section in the lightest shade and remove the tape when dry.