How to heat strip wood

1. Hold the heat gun about 4 inches away from the wood, using slight back-and-forth motions.

2. The paint should start to soften and begin to blister. Be careful not to overheat the paint since it will turn into a paste that is hard to remove. Remember, too, that wood is a flammable material and can be scorched or catch fire.

3. Remove the heat and start scraping the paint from wood with a metal scraper.

4. Repeat steps until the paint is mostly removed.

5. Use the rough sandpaper to sand down any sections that still have paint.

6. Use the fine sandpaper over the entire surface to create a clean, smooth surface for painting.

7. Wipe down the wood with a damp cloth.


Handy Person Tips

1. Rub petroleum jelly on the hinges and door knobs before you start to paint a door. If you get paint on them, they will wipe off easy.
2.To keep white paint from yellowing, add 10 drops of black paint to each quart of white.
3. When painting ceilings, cut a child’s rubber ball in half and put your paint brush in one of the halves to catch the drips.
4. An old pair of swimming goggles will protect your eyes from paint splatters and drips when painting ceilings.
5. When painting, protect your hands and face with moisturizer. Cleanup will be easier and the moisturizer will prevent paint from seeping into the pores.
6. Before starting to paint with enamel paint, lightly coat your hands and underneath your fingernails with any name brand hand cleaner. After the painting is finished, your hands will be easy to clean.
7. Line your paint tray with aluminum foil. When its time to clean up, just roll up the foil and throw away.
8. To stop paint from dripping, punch a few holes in the rim of the paint can. When the brush is wiped against the edge, the paint flows back into the can. The lid covers the holes so the paint won’t dry out.
9. To remove lumps from paint: Cut a piece of screen to fit the inside of the paint can. Set it on top of the paint and let it float down to the bottom of the can. It will take all the lumps with it, trapping them at the bottom of the can.
10. When painting trim around windows, doorways , etc., try using stiff paper to cover the area you don’t want painted. (An old phone book cover works well.) Slide paper along as you paint. It’s much faster and more economical than using masking tape. Works well with either a roller or brush.
11. When painting a room, dip a small card into the paint so that you have the exact color with you and can match accessories in stores.
12. When painting inside corners, trim the paint brush bristles to a V to save strokes and spread paint more evenly.
13. Before pouring paint from a can, cover the rim with masking tape. After pouring, remove the tape — the rim will be clean and the cover will fit tightly.
14. When you poke a paint brush into corners or allow it to rest on the bottom of the paint can, the bristles curl and stray. To straighten natural bristles (not synthetics), try wrapping the brush in a couple of thicknesses of damp cloth and press gently with an iron. The steam and cloth binding do the job. Only light pressure is needed. Let the bristles cool before you unwrap the brush.
15. When painting old woodwork, fill in the holes or cracks with a mixture of flour and some of the paint you are using. It hardens like cement and matches perfectly.

Interior and exterior wood finishing

Step by Step Guide To Painting.

Step 1 Wood Preparation:

First thing to do is to survey of all the surfaces. After doing this, you will be able to determine what you will need.
Surface marks
All the marks will have to be sanded off. Use 80 grit sandpaper. You will need to feather you’re sanding around the mark somewhat because if you sand in one spot, there will be a lighter difference on that spot Use 100 – 120 grit sandpaper.
Rough Areas
To describe rough, I refer to where a route or saw have not completely removed the wood it was suppose to remove. Also where the pieces meet or connect together such as corners and other joints.

Step 2 Priming:

There are several methods to applying primer. I usually just brush primer. I am not saying that it is the best way to do it, but that is the way I do it. I prefer to prime before the wood is installed. This makes the process of staining much faster. To do this type of application, layout the wood across two saw horses with a drop sheet below to keep the mess to a minimum. Next mix the primer thoroughly from bottom to top. Proceed by dipping the brush into the primer about one inch up the bristles. Wipe the brush off as you pull the can out of the primer. This should leave enough primer in the brush to start. Place the brush about five inches away from the end of the piece of wood and drag it toward the opposite end. When the brush begins to show signs of being almost empty stop and drag the brush back past where you started. Right past the end. Again reload the brush and start about five inches from where you had to turn back the previous stroke. Repeat until the piece is completed. Once the piece is completed, run the brush one end to the other without stopping. Complete the rest of the wood following these steps. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use. .

Install Wood with one coat of stain and one coat of sealer if possible

Step 3 Wood Preparation:

First thing you can do after the wood has been installed is being sure to inset all the nails with a nail punch. The nails should be inset by about 1/16 – 1/8 of an inch. Start to fill the nail holes with color matched putty. The putty can also be used to fill small joints that are not more the 1/16 of an inch in width. Joints that are larger will need to be profiled with wood cement or wood filler. Sand all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. After all this has been completed, you can wipe each piece to remove any excess putty and dust with varsol or mineral spirits.

Step 4 First Finish Coat:
Apply the coat of your choice of finish whether it be latex / varethane / urathane. Be sure to spread the finish out as much as you can by striking back and forth. After three or four feet, drag your brush back over quickly where you had just finished having a continuous follows through stroke. Nothing looks worse then a lot of brush marks. Let dry. Different products take shorter or longer periods of time to dry. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

Step 5 Wood Preparation:

Now just a light sanding with 120 grit or finer. You just want to take off any roughness of the finish. You do not want to remove the finish! Wipe clean varsol or mineral spirits to remove the dust.

Step 6 Second Finish Coat:
Apply the second coat the same as the first coat. And you are finished. Be sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.

GLAZING WOOD – Strip and sand the wood to prepare for glazing

Strip and sand the wood to prepare for glazing. Dilute a quantity of latex so that it penetrates beneath the surface of the wood. Test the diluted paint on a small area to check the consistency.


1. Apply the diluted paint freely with a large decorating brush. Brush in the direction of the grain, covering the wood in small areas at a time.


2. When the paint is nearly dry (test an area), gently wipe over the paint with a lint cloth in one direction to expose the underlying wood grain.


3. Leave the paint to dry overnight and check that you like the tone. If it is too weak, apply another coat. Follow by sanding with fine sandpaper.


4. The final stage is to clean the wood. Run across the surface with a dry decorating brush and afterward wipe over with a damp cloth.

Exterior Finishes – How to Finish a Wood Table for Outdoor Use

In order to finish a wood table so that it will not suffer damage when it is used outside, there are several steps that need to be undertaken. With a little treatment, you will find that a wood table will last a lost time, despite it being exposed to the elements.

Tools and Materials Needed:

• Paintbrush or roller
• Varnish
• Sandpaper
• Rags

Step 1 – Prepare

The first step necessary to finish a wood table for use outside is to prepare the wood. Start by undertaking any repairs that are required and sand away any scratches. Follow this by cleaning the table so that no debris is present to get caught in the varnish.

Step 2 – Gather Materials

You should ensure that you finish a wood table using the correct method according to the type of wood. Some will benefit from oils that can be rubbed into the wood and will highlight the grain, while the use of varnish will be better for others.

Step 3 – Apply Treatment

Finish the wood table by applying the varnish with a paintbrush, working methodically to ensure that it is completely covered. Keep a rag in hand to wipe up any drips. Allow the first coat to dry before applying another.

PAINTING BETWEEN ROOMS | HOW TO VARNISH WOOD

PAINTING BETWEEN ROOMS

To paint a door and frame between two rooms in different colors, follow this procedure: open the door and stand in one room (marked A on the picture). Paint the lock edge, the adjacent edge of the frame, the doorstop, and the door front. Open the door wide so that the hinge is visible and stand in the other room (marked B on the picture). In the second color, paint the hinge edge, the flat of the doorstop, and the door front.

Painting in two colors

HOW TO VARNISH WOOD

Unpainted and painted woods benefit from a couple of coats of varnish. Varnish protects against wear and tear. It is available in gloss, semi gloss, and matte finishes. To change the color of the wood, use a pigmented varnish.


1. Pour some varnish into a bucket and dip a lint-free cloth into it. Rub the varnish into the wood, working against the grain. Wait for the varnish to dry (up to 12 hours).


2. Lightly rub the surface with fine sandpaper wrapped around a cork block. Wipe dust particles off the surface with a lint- free cloth that has been dampened in turpentine.


3. Apply another coat of varnish using a clean brush. When the varnish has dried, lightly sand the surface down and wipe clean. The results should be smooth and dust-free.

HOW TO PREPARE BARE WOOD | REPAINTING WOODWORK

HOW TO PREPARE BARE WOOD


Plan ahead when painting wood; it may need several coats of oil-based paint. Lightly sand any rough areas and wipe away the dust with a lint-free cloth dampened in turpentine. Seal knots with shellac or knotting. When thy, apply a layer of primer. When that dries, sand lightly, and then apply a couple of layers of undercoat.


HOW TO PAINT BARE WOOD

Wood is usually painted with oil-based paint. This gives off toxic fumes, so always keep the room well ventilated. When the undercoat is dry, sand and wipe. Apply one or two topcoats for a good finish.


1. Hold a small brush like a pen and apply vertical, parallel lines of paint. Work in sections 1 sq ft (30 sq cm).


2. Without reloading the brush with paint, join the vertical lines by brushing across them with horizontal strokes.


3. Finish with more vertical strokes. Reload the brush before starting on the next area. Begin by the wet edge.

Exterior Wood Finishing ( Staining )

Step 1 Surface Preparation

First, you want to sweep all the wood to remove dirt, dust, and cobwebs. The next thing is to check the wood for water discolourization spots. If there are any, you will have to mix 50% javex and 50% water together. This mixer can still hurt your hands and eyes so make sure you use gloves and safety goggles. IF you find any rough areas, sand smooth and brush clean.

Step 2 First Coat

For the first coat of stain, you want to put lost of stain on, you always start at one end of the piece and work toward the other end. Do two pieces at a time then if you can switch to three pieces. Whatever you are comfortable with. Do not stop halfway
down a piece then stop. This will make a lap mark when you return to finish the piece. Always finish what you start.

Step 3 Second Coat

Follow a similar pattern of the first coat. Remember once you start, don’t stop until the pieces are completed.


COLOR Frequently asked questions

How do colors effect room size?

Generally, warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are always a good choice for making a room look larger.

My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors….?

This depends on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.

Should trim work be painted the same color as the walls…?

Use the same color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to bring out the trim work and add highlights.

Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the wall?

Larger surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule, always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and lighting.

What is the best way to decide which color is best for my room?

Take color chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and at night so you will see how lighting will effect your color choices.

What color should I paint my ceiling?

White or off-white colors will create the illusion of having a higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling. Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.

Will the paint actually match the color chip?

As a general rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter than when applied in a room. Always take into account the sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other colors that are in the room.

Cleaning Wood Window Frames

Painting tips & tricks

Cleaning Wood Window Frames

If painted, use a solution of mild detergent and water, or a mild commercial cleaner whose label says it is safe for painted surfaces. Always rinse off solution.
Wipe off excess water with a dry cloth. Do not use strong cleaners or scouring powder as these will damage the paint. If you plan to clean window frames, do it before cleaning window glass so solution does not spot glass panes. If natural-finished, vacuum or dust regularly. Clean infrequently, only when really needed. Use a commercial wood cleaning product or cleaning wax whose label recommends use on natural wood finishes.

Color choices for faux finishes

Color tips for techniques:

When using colorwashing, sponging or dragging techniques

A pastel cover of an off-white background will produce a fresh, cheery effect.

A dark color over a light background will give a bold, dramatic look.

Slight variations of the same color will give the surface a feeling of depth.

Common Exterior Uses of Caulk

Filling in the gap between a window and the molding (brick mold) around it.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet (such as a foundation and siding).

Filling in holes in the concrete block of a foundation (use masonry caulk).

Use a putty knife to make sure the caulk bonds to the surfaces around it.

Filling in the gap between a sidewalk and foundation.

Common Interior Uses for caulk

Some Common Interior Uses of Caulk

Prevent moisture from getting into gaps between walls, bathtubs, countertops and sinks.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet, such as ceramic tile and baseboard.

Concrete crack repair

First determine if the crack is severe enough to repair.

If only a hairline crack, my recommendation is to leave it as is, since patching will only make it look worse.

If the crack is 1/8” or greater, the following would be the best remedy.

Note: If the crack has been caused by unstable substrate under the slab from poor compaction, my recommendation would be to have a slab jacking service (if available) come to your rescue and stabilize the slab before repair-

Clean entire surface using T.S.P General Household Cleaner, or a suitable exterior cleaning solution.

Tuck into crevice a foam backing rod (available in 1/8, 1/4” – 3” diameters) setting it down into the crack ½” from the surface.

Apply Weldbond or concrete adhesive over foam backing rod. Allow to cure for 1-2 hours.

Apply polyurethane caulking (gray or concrete colour) into crack crevice.

Sprinkle dry sand over caulking and brush excess off using a paintbrush.

Allow to cure for 12 hours before using area.

Choices for Wood Siding

Exterior wood siding can be painted or stained. There is a wide array of products available in both mediums. I prefer an alkyd (oil base) primer for bare wood, the top coat would vary depending on the look desired.

Primer is not required under stain except solid color stain that is white or another light color.

For repainting, primer is only required for areas where the preparation steps brought you down to bare wood, or where stain killer is needed due to mildew or water damage.

Stains for wood come in several degrees of transparency. Semi-transparent stains are useful for letting the wood grain show through, that can be a very nice look over cedar shingles.

Painting Tips – Cleaning Up

If you are planning to continue the work the next day, just keep the paint and roller in the paint tray and cover with a tray lid or cellophane. The next morning run the brush or roller over a newspaper a few times and it will be ready to use.
After the job is completed wash the rollers and brushes and paint tray with water. Do not use a spinning tool to clean brushes as this will make your brush flare. Wrap the clean brushes and rollers with newspaper and secure with a rubber band. Store the brushes flat or hang them on hooks.
Excess paint can be stored in the can. If you have no further use for the paint donate it to a charitable institute or in the case of water based paint pour over shredded newspaper or cat litter and throw the paper or cat litter in the trash. If it is oil based paint it cannot be thrown as it is considered a hazardous substance. Make enquiries with you local council as to the best way to dispose of it.

Choices for Wood Siding

Painting tips & tricks

Choices for Wood Siding

Exterior wood siding can be painted or stained. There is a wide array of products available in both mediums. I prefer an alkyd (oil base) primer for bare wood, the top coat would vary depending on the look desired.

Primer is not required under stain except solid color stain that is white or another light color.

For repainting, primer is only required for areas where the preparation steps brought you down to bare wood, or where stain killer is needed due to mildew or water damage.

Stains for wood come in several degrees of transparency. Semi-transparent stains are useful for letting the wood grain show through, that can be a very nice look over cedar shingles.

Painting Tips – Cleaning Up

If you are planning to continue the work the next day, just keep the paint and roller in the paint tray and cover with a tray lid or cellophane. The next morning run the brush or roller over a newspaper a few times and it will be ready to use.
After the job is completed wash the rollers and brushes and paint tray with water. Do not use a spinning tool to clean brushes as this will make your brush flare. Wrap the clean brushes and rollers with newspaper and secure with a rubber band. Store the brushes flat or hang them on hooks.
Excess paint can be stored in the can. If you have no further use for the paint donate it to a charitable institute or in the case of water based paint pour over shredded newspaper or cat litter and throw the paper or cat litter in the trash. If it is oil based paint it cannot be thrown as it is considered a hazardous substance. Make enquiries with you local council as to the best way to dispose of it.

Cleaning Wood Window Frames

If painted, use a solution of mild detergent and water, or a mild commercial cleaner whose label says it is safe for painted surfaces. Always rinse off solution.
Wipe off excess water with a dry cloth. Do not use strong cleaners or scouring powder as these will damage the paint. If you plan to clean window frames, do it before cleaning window glass so solution does not spot glass panes. If natural-finished, vacuum or dust regularly. Clean infrequently, only when really needed. Use a commercial wood cleaning product or cleaning wax whose label recommends use on natural wood finishes.

Color choices for faux finishes

Color tips for techniques:

When using colorwashing, sponging or dragging techniques

A pastel cover of an off-white background will produce a fresh, cheery effect.

A dark color over a light background will give a bold, dramatic look.

Slight variations of the same color will give the surface a feeling of depth.

Common Exterior Uses of Caulk

Filling in the gap between a window and the molding (brick mold) around it.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet (such as a foundation and siding).

Filling in holes in the concrete block of a foundation (use masonry caulk).

Use a putty knife to make sure the caulk bonds to the surfaces around it.

Filling in the gap between a sidewalk and foundation.

Common Interior Uses for caulk

Some Common Interior Uses of Caulk

Prevent moisture from getting into gaps between walls, bathtubs, countertops and sinks.

Filling in gaps where different surfaces meet, such as ceramic tile and baseboard.

Concrete crack repair

First determine if the crack is severe enough to repair.

If only a hairline crack, my recommendation is to leave it as is, since patching will only make it look worse.

If the crack is 1/8” or greater, the following would be the best remedy.

Note: If the crack has been caused by unstable substrate under the slab from poor compaction, my recommendation would be to have a slab jacking service (if available) come to your rescue and stabilize the slab before repair-

Clean entire surface using T.S.P General Household Cleaner, or a suitable exterior cleaning solution.

Tuck into crevice a foam backing rod (available in 1/8, 1/4” – 3” diameters) setting it down into the crack ½” from the surface.

Apply Weldbond or concrete adhesive over foam backing rod. Allow to cure for 1-2 hours.

Apply polyurethane caulking (gray or concrete colour) into crack crevice.

Sprinkle dry sand over caulking and brush excess off using a paintbrush.

Allow to cure for 12 hours before using area.